---------------------------------------------------------------------- THE _ _____ | | |__ / | | / / | |__ / /_ |____|ED /____|EPPELIN _ ____ __ __ _____ _ | | | __| | \/ | |_ _| | | | | | |_ | | | | | | | | | _| | |\/| | | | | |__ |_|N- |_| REQUENTLY |_| |_|URMURED |_|RIVIA |____|IST V1.1 PART THREE ---------------------------------------------------------------------- IMPORTANT - Please read the Disclaimer and Distribution Guidelines in Part One of the IFMTL before proceeding any further if you haven't already. A full Table Of Contents is also in that section of the file. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.0 - Contents Of Part Three 3 Other Trivial Pursuits 3.01 The Trivia Remains The Same 3.02 Electric Green Tennis Courts And Other Cover Art 3.03 Plantations And Other Onstage Musings 3.04 Trivia Of Illegitimate Origin 3.05 Meet The Press 3.06 Zeppelin Miscellania 3.07 Shaking The Tree 3.08 Coverdale/Plant 3.09 Like Father Like Son 3.10 The Led And How To Get It Out 3.11 Jimmy And The Beast 3.12 Zeppelin Mediawatch 3.13 Breaking Up Is Hard To Do 3.14 Pezed Pellni Anagrams 3.15 Nevaeh Ot yawriatS ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.01 - The Trivia Remains The Same Regrettably at this time, "The Song Remains The Same" is still the only official live concert released. Despite being underrated by most followers of the band, the surreal atmosphere and bizarre twists the movie takes make it quite intriguing, but as more of a curiosity than a blistering performance by the band. o The shootout sequence at the beginning, with it's mafia overtones is meant to symbolise Zeppelin taking it's revenge on the "faceless" critics. Two of the people involved are band manager Peter Grant, and the road manager, Richard Cole. o At the beginning of the movie... - Peter Grant answers the phone, and and after receiving some news heads out for a drive with his wife in his vintage Bentley sports car, which is of course, British racing green. - Plant, his wife Maureen, and their two children Karac and Carmen, are fooling around beside a mountain stream before the messenger arrives on bicycle to pass on the tour dates. - Jones is reading a bedtime story to his children, "Jack and the Beanstalk." - The first clip of Bonzo has him on a tractor indulging his passion for adopting the guise of a gentelman farmer. A short time later he is driving his "Blown Model T" hot rod to a nearby pub. - Jimmy is in the garden of his manor, previously owned by Aleister Crowley, sitting on a blanket with an acoustic guitar handy, cranking the handle of a hurdy-gurdy. The music sounds suitably mystical. o The fantasy sequences are... Plant: Sailing in a small boat with an enormous welsh flag on it, and then a swordfighting scene with several knights, with the goal of saving a rather attractive princess. This is in "The Rain Song." The sailing sequence was filmed at Aberystwyth in Wales. Page : Climbing a mountain, at the top of which he meets a somewhat older version of himself, several hundred years older quite possibly, whois dressed in a white cloak. This is in "Dazed and Confused." The sequence was filmed at Loch Ness on December 10 and 11, 1973. Bonzo: Driving a dragster, happens during his solo. Filmed at Santa Pod. Bonzo also shows off his uncanny ability to ride at a motorcycle in a variety of seating positions and remain upright. There is also footage of him at home with his wife Pat and son Jason belting out a rhtyhm on a custom made miniature drum kit. Jones: Travelling on horseback through graveyards and back to his house dressed in black wearing a mask. This is in "No Quarter." o Also in the movie... - Driving from the airport to the concert venue in a fleet of black limousines with some surrealistic shots of the city skyscrapers. These scenes were taken from before the July 24 show in Pittsburgh. - A scene where Peter Grant confronts promoters over a man selling unauthorised Zep memorabilia at the Civic Centre, Baltimore. - Several very lucky punters getting in for nothing thanks to some security guards. - Footage from various press reports and press conferences with Peter Grant regarding the theft of money from a deposit box in a hotel Led Zeppelin were staying in during the U.S. tour. The last shot is of Peter Grant being taken downtown by the Police for questioning. The police apparently suspected Richard Cole as being responsible. The amount stolen was us$200,000 and the disappearance of a bellboy a few days after the event provided a rough scenario of what might have happened. The money was never recovered, and neither Peter Grant or Richard Cole, or anyone associated with Zeppelin was ever charged. The persons involved have also been claimed to be, at various times, a manager or desk clerk, who resigned under a cloud of mystery. o A few points to note... - Page uses the violin bow in his solo. - Page uses the famed red double neck for "Stairway to Heaven". - Page uses the theramin during "Whole Lotta Love." - Plant's short sleeved demin waistcoat defies good taste. - Plant sings his famous added line in "Stairway to Heaven". - Jones performs the solo to No Quarter surrounded by dry ice. - Bonzo tosses away his drumsticks at one point and begins playing the drums with his hands during his "Moby Dick" solo. o The concert footage was filmed over three days at Madison Square Garden. o There is an alternate version of Plant's fantasy sequence in which his wife plays a much larger role. o At the beginning of Jones' fantasy sequence there is a scene where several men are being pursued down a foggy road by several other men on horseback. If you look closely at the road you can see the double continuous lane markings down the middle of it, meaning of course the horses were overtaking the pedestrians illegally... o There appear to be two version of the film out on video, which can be distinguished by the endings. One has "Stairway To Heaven" playing as the screen fades to black, while the other has the Starship taxi-ing and taking off while "Stairway To Heaven" is being played. The latter was the original ending in the movie version shown in cinemas. o The song "Autumn Lake" which is listed on the video cover, but was never actually recorded by Zeppelin is the song Page is playing on a hurdy-gurdy beside the lake as the camera approaches him through his garden. o The film is rife with editing and continuity errors. One of the most obvious is Jones's changing shirt during "Whole Lotta Love". Jones also takes off his bass twice at the end of the show. Jimmy's hair changes it sweat content half way through one song, and the gong is lit at the end, yet in the next frame it's not. o Jones was the only member of the band unwilling to wear the same clothes at each of the Madison Square Garden gigs. o Contrary to the official word, the film and soundtrack do feature overdubs, probably mainly patches for glitches, in the guitar and keyboard work. One such edit occurs in the middle of the violin bow solo, which is either an overdub or a snippet from another night's performance. The music on the film does not match that on the album, nor that on an unedited bootleg from one of the shows, whilst Page had a studio installed in his home and spent months working on the soundtrack, all of which support the theory that the music was retouched. The album version of "Dazed And Confused", for example, is from one night, while the movie version is from multiple nights. The movie version of "No Quarter" deletes at least one guitar solo. o The actual filming took place over three nights at Madison Square Garden in New York, 27-29/7/73, with the additional backstage footage shot the previous three nights at Pittsburgh, Boston and Buffalo. o The complexity of filming such a show with multiple cameras was not helped by the crew who managed to miss a few bits and pieces, which meant that Zeppelin had to go to a soundstage in late 1975 and early 1976 to act out the missing parts. The easy way to tell these lip-synched sections is to look at Plant's teeth, he had them straightened between the original filming and the additions. o The caste used for Plant's fantasy sequence can also be seen in "Irish Tour '74" with Rory Gallagher, where he spends some time exploring and talking about that particular castle, Raglan castle. o A video came out in 1990 called "The First Cuts". This exists in both bootleg and extremely rare official versions. It is mainly comprised of outtakes from the film, minaly dealing with the band member's fantasy scenes, and also footage of "Moby Dick", "Dazed And Confused", "Whole Lotta Love", and "The Song Remains The Same". ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.02 - Electric Green Tennis Courts And Other Cover Art From the simple cover of the first album to the multiple covers for "In Through The Out Door" Led Zeppelin always came up with a cover that was individual and could be easily identified with the band. Although Page says none of their covers were intended to be part of some sort of concept for the album, they still make some striking visual statements. o "Led Zeppelin" - The cover of the debut album, was a simple print chosen by Jimmy of the Hindenburg airship disaster. One of the largest airships ever built, the Hindenburg was 245 metres long, 41 metres wide, had a volume of 199,980 cubic metres, and a cruising speed of 125 kilometres per hour. The picture was taken on May 6, 1937 as the Hindenburg approached its mooring mast at Lakehurst, New Jersey. At this point the hydrogen gas inside the airship somehow ignited. The exact cause of this has ever been established. Of the 97 passengers on board at the time, 35 perished in the ensuing explosion. This disaster was the end of an era where huge dirigible airships such as the Hindenburg made regular crossings between the USA and Europe, mainly transporting passengers. - The picture of the band on the back cover was taken by musician turned photographer Chris Dreja, a former bandmate of Page in the Yardbirds. - To begin with the band name on the cover was printed in turquoise, but this was soon changed to orange, creating a much sought after rarity. - The overall design was co-ordinated by George Hardie. o "Led Zeppelin II" - The group of men on the front cover is a photgraph of the Jasta Division of the German airforce with the band members faces inserted in place of those of the pilots. The faces of band manager Peter Grant and Richard Cole were also added. The woman in the picture is Glynis Johns, the mother from "Mary Poppins". Her presence in the photo is an obvious play on the name of recording engineer Glyn Johns. The other face added was that of bluesman Blind Willie Johnson. - The silhouette of the Zeppelin airship surrounded in brown gave this album it's nickname of "The Brown Bomber." - The centre spread is a lavish celebration of imagery and the band members. - David Juniper is credited as having come up with the artwork. o "Led Zeppelin III" - After the somewhat conservative covers of the first two albums, the cover of III is a major departure. Liberally splattered with various bits and pieces of psychedelia and hippie imagery, and with its rotating wheel and cutouts, the overall feel does not appeal to Page. "I knew the artist and described what we wanted ... But he got very personal with this artwork and disappeared off with it. ... I wasn't happy with the final result - I thought it looked teeny-bopperish. ... There are some silly bits - little chunks of corn and nonsense like that." - The man responsible for the art is only identified as Zacron, which may be fortunate for his business reputation given the lambasting from Page. - Original pressings of III have a quote from Aleister Crowley inscribed on the runoff matrix, "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law." The quote however, may not necessarily be somewhat older than that. The Crowley version comes frim his work "The Book Of The Law" which was dictated to him between the 8th and 10th of April 1904. Crowley actually lost this manuscript for five years in the attic of Boleskine House, eventually finding it again in 1909. It was pointed out on the list that the phrase was the motto of the Abbe de Theleme in Rabelais' "Gargantua And Pantagruel," `Fay ce vouldra.' Crowley actually founded an Abbey of Thelema in Cefalu, Sicily in 1920 before being expelled from the country by Mussolini. It was also adopted by the Hellfire club as it's motto several hundred years ago. An interview with Page available on vinyl apparently has some details regarding this quote on the it's sleeve. The Crowleyian meaning is somewhat complex, suffice to say it does not mean `Do what you want' as it may imply. - "So mote it be" is not a quote from Aleister Crowley, it is the last line of a passage used to bind a spell. - It would seem that there was an inscription on the runoff matrix of every issue of "III" right up until pressing ceased, with the sole exception of the mono white label promo version of the album. o The first issue, Atlantic SD 7201, issued in November 1970 has "So Mote Be It" inscribed on both sides. o The first issue a short time later with a "Gold Record Award" sticker has "Do What Thou Wilt" inscribed on both sides. o The white label promo, stereo version, has "Do What Thou Wilt" inscribed on both sides. o The white label promo, mono version, as previously stated has no inscription on either side. o The second issue, Atlantic SD 19128, in around 1972 has "Do What Thou Wilt" on one side, side two, only. o The second issue a "Gold Record Award" has "Do What Thou Wilt" inscribed on side one only. o During the 1980s this continued with the "Do What Thou Wilt" quote only inscribed on one side. - Jimmy apparently had the quotes from Crowley inscribed on the runoff matrix without telling the rest of the band, who only found out about it after the album had been released. - The first few thousand UK pressings of "III" were reportedly impregnated with a "cannbis-smelling" resin. - The brief credit to Bron-Y-Aur was later to resurface almost verbatim on Page & Plant's "No Quarter". o "(Untitled)" - The artwork for the fourth album is much more in keeping with the band's image. In the words of Jimmy Page. "Robert and I came up with the design of IV together. Robert had actually bought the print that is on the cover from a junk shop in Reading. We then came up with the idea of having the picture - the man with the sticks - represent the old way on a demolished building, with the new way coming up behind it. The illustration on the inside was my idea. It is the Hermit character from the Tarot, a symbol of self-reliance and wisdom, and it was drawn by Barrington Colby. The typeface for the lyrics to "Stairway To Heaven" was also my contribution. I found it in a really old arts and crafts magazine called `Studio,' which started in the late 1800's. I thought the lettering was so interesting I got someone to work up a whole alphabet." - This album also saw the debut of the four symbols, one for each band member, which were used extensively to promote the album, which bore no artist identification anywhere on the sleeve. In deference to the rubbishing the band received from the critics they left their name off to show that Led Zeppelin was more than just a name. - The four symbols are arranged in a typical magical formation, with the two strongest symbols, Page and Plant's, on the outside protecting the weaker symbols on the inside. - The picture of the man in white on top of a mountain with a lantern, was drawn in pencil and gold paint by Barrington Colby and is titled, `View in Half or Varying Light.' The original was auctioned in a sale of rock'n'roll art in 1981. This imagery was reprised for Page's fantasy sequence in "The Song Remains The Same." If you hold this image perpendicular to a mirror, the face of a black dog or dragon becomes apparent in the mountain the man is standing on, or is if you believe some people. - On one of the buildings pictured on the rear of the sleeve, a bareley legibile Oxfam poster bearing the sloagn "Someone dies from hunger everyday", can be seen. Page intended the picture to be clearer bu the negatives let him down. o "Houses Of The Holy" - Led Zeppelin's most exotic album cover has to be the one for this album. And according to Page, the cover should look even better if it were not for some problems translating the colours onto the album cover. "When the proofs for the album came back, they didn't look anything like the original artwork. Again, we were on a deadline and there wasn't much to be done. I suppose it doesn't matter now. But back then it was a problem." - The photograph on the cover was taken by Aubrey Powell, who trekked to the Giant's causeway in Ireland, Peru was considered as an alternative, with two children to try and fulfil the idea that Jimmy, Robert and Peter Grant came up with. Dave Lewis provides more details, "This time they chose a collage print depicting a group of children mysteriously scaling the top of a mountain, which, according to Page, denoted the feeling of expectancy for the music contained within." - Powell used a science fiction book "Childhood's End" as a basis for the cover, although some have pointed out a resemblance to the pscyhedelic art of 1970's artists such as Peter Max. - The children were originally meant to be silver, not purple. - This is the only Led Zeppelin album to feature song lyrics. - The sleeve is the first one commisioned by the band from Hipgnosis, the firm founded by Storm Thorgerson responsible for a lot of the Pink Floyd album covers. However according to Page it was not a collaboration that got off to a good start, "We had commisioned them to design "Houses of the Holy" and this guy Storm came in carrying this picture of an electric green tennis court with a tennis raquet on it. I said, `What the hell does that have to do with anything?' And he said, `Racket - don't you get it?' I said, `Are you trying to imply our music is a `racket'? Get out!' We never saw him again. We ended up dealing with one of the other artists. [laughs] That was a total insult - racket. He had some balls! Imagine. On a first meeting with a client!" - Rumour has it that one of the children on the cover is former page three and centrefold model, and occasional singer, Samantha Fox. - The album was originally sold with a paper ring around it with the name of the band and the album title on it, since this wasn't listed elsewhere. This was crudely reproduced by Atlantic on the future cd release by stamping the name and album title slightly askew across the cover of the album. This is the only piece of cover art not reproduced in "The Complete Studio Recordings" (with the exception of the "In Through The Out Door" sleeve that changed colour when you added hot water to it). - The most ambiguous piece of artwork on this album is the picture of an adult holding up what looks like a small child in front of a castle. One theory is that it is some sort of offering to the Gods - which is very prophetic regarding the death of Plant's son. The children on the cover do look a bit like Plant's kids, especially after seeing them in "The Song Remains The Same". _Q_ magazine disputes this, however, saying the girl is the same one as on the back of "Presence", which is somewhat unlikely. o "Physical Graffiti" - As with III, cutouts on the album cover allowed the record buyer to look inside the windows of the building at the various goings on inside. - A similar concept is employed on the Rolling Stones "Some Girls" album. It is also identical in concept to Jose Feliciano's "Compartments", including the pull-out card and the "hidden" photos. - The building featured on the cover is at 97 St. Mark's Place in New York City. There is currently a used clothing store in the basement appropriately called Physical Graffiti. - Down the middle right side of the fourth sleeve is a Marilyn Monroe look-a-like getting undressed, doing what looks like a strip-tease performance. - Of the many pictures inside, quite a few are quite easy to see who they are while others a re pretty obscure. The following list lists the images from left to right in each row, top to bottom. o Sleeve 1. A nun, ?, ?, ?, Charles Atlas, ?, Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra, ? , Jimmy Page, A Zeppelin blimp, ?, ?, ?, John Bonham & Robert Plant, Jerry Lee Lewis, The Queen. o Sleeve 2. King Kong, Robert Plant, ?, ?, ?, Some indians or Aztecs, Lee Harvey Oswald, John Bonham, ?, Jimmy Page, An old lady, ?, Someone and an ape (!), A lady in her kitchen, A group of what appears to be naked Bonzo look-a-likes..., The Queen. o Sleeve 3. Planes, Peter Grant, Marlene Dietrich, ?, Neil Armstrong, ?, John Bonham, ?, ?, A horse, An indian guru of some sort?, A religious looking painting, ?, Two children, Scene from an old movie?, John Bonham, The Queen. o Sleeve 4. ?, A cat, A foot on a doll, ?, John Paul Jones, ?, John Bonham, I dread to think, A cowboy, Robert Plant, The Virgin Mary, a medieval looking painting, An angel, A woman putting on stockings, Jimmy Page with someone who is obviously a buddhist, Jimmy Page & John Paul Jones, The Queen. - Roy Harper gets a credit for photography although which photos he took is unclear. Also credited is the band's publicist at the time, B.P. Fallon, most recently the "vibemaster" on U2's Zoo TV Tour. He has written a highly entertaining account of that tour, "U2 Faraway So Close". - The identity of the figure sitting on the right hand set of stairs is said by some to resemble John Bonham. Those who like to indulge in the sort of speculation that Beatles fans do regarding the cover of "Abbey Road", interpret the presence of Bonham as symbolic. The two doors symbolize "There are two paths you can go by" from "Stairway To Heaven", light and shade, two opposites, heaven and hell, a choice? It's a big stretch at any rate. What makes the building look a bit odd is the seemingly unnecessary jumble of ladders, balconies and windows which cover the facade of the building. The person sitting on the steps has what looks like two black dogs in their arms. A further twist on the door theory can be seen on the back cover where one door is brightly illuminated and shut, while the door inside the darkened doorway is open. o "Presence" - The artwork for Presence is dominated by "the object." In the past it has been associated with the black slab-like object in 2010. In _Q_ Magazine in December 1992, Storm Thorgerson of Hipgnosis had the following to say, "I like pictures that don't necessarily have an explanation off pat," Storm Thorgerson says of the beguiling sleeves that cemented the reputation of Hipgnosis, the design group he co-founded in 1968. "I remember the idea for Led Zeppelin's Prescence which was to Tamper with nostalgic pictures of the '30s and '40s with an object from the future, which was basically a funny shaped black hole. To me, it represented Zeppelin power, which people at home, or school, would have to have a blast of every few hours, like the ultimate drug. So the design was related to the band, yet extremely tenuous, just as what makes music so rewarding is that it gives you your own pictures." - A similar concept, having an object in various strange locations, is employed on the "Coverdale/Page" album cover. - "The Object" was actually copyrighted by Swan Song Inc. in 1976. o "The Song Remains The Same" - The details of the album cover are provided by Dave Lewis in _Celebration_. "The movie poster and sleeve design depicted a run down picture house, which was based on Old Street Studios, a London rehearsal theatre they used to perfect the 1973 US stage act prior to the tour." - An interesting contrast to the run-down building in the foreground is what looks like a skyscraper or at least a somewhat more modern and well maintained building in the picture that is behind the main scene. o "In Through The Out Door" - The cover for this album came in six different configurations, all photos of the same bar room scene but each taken from the perspective of a different person in the bar. Each of the photos shows the view that person had of a man at the bar dressed in white, who bears a passing resemblance to Jimmy Page, setting fire to a small white piece of paper. - Perhaps the most curious feature of the scene is the thousands of small pieces of white paper that are hanging from the walls and ceiling, all very similar to the one the man at the bar is about to set alight. - The whole scene has a Caribbean feel to it, in keeping with some of the tracks on the album like "Fool In The Rain" and "South Bound Saurez." - One out of every two pictures that made up the album's front and back covers featured a smear which reveals the colours of the photo under the greyish tint the photos have. - When released the album covers were prepared so that if exposed to warm water, their colours changed. - A final touch was added by Peter Grant who insisted the albums be sold in shrink wrapped paper bags so none of the buyers could see which cover they were getting out of the six, which were labelled A to F on the spine of the cover. Dave Lewis estimates a full set of six original record covers in good condition is worth around one hundred pounds. - Some vinyl versions of the album have the word `strawberry' carved into the runoff matrix. - The bar that Aubrey Powell may have been trying to recreate for the cover picture is the Old Absinthe Bar, at 400 Bourbon Street, just around the corner from the Royal Orleans hotel in New Orleans. o "Coda" - This album of unreleased material and out-takes which was released in 1982 is pretty plain compared to some of the other bands efforts. The spartan and stark cover and packaging for the album may be a reflection of the enormous loss the band members still undoubtedly felt about the death of John Bonham. - A coda can be defined as, "The closing section of a movement..." - The black discs on the front are in fact records. - However, another school of thought has it that the discs are crop circles created by sprinkler systems. If this is true, then the re-appearance of crop circles on the box set covers is most intriguing. Further details on this are that is when crops need to be irrigated they might be planted around a well, with the sprinkler attached to the well. This would account for the "dry" ground surrounding the crop circles on the album cover. - Led Zeppelin guru Dave Lewis was consulted by the band during the design process. o "Box Set : The Collection" - This deluxe 4 compact disc box set has a picture of a crop circle with the shadow of Zeppelin blimp on it, as if the blimp was flying overhead. - At the four corners of the box set there is a number. The numbers and what they represent are: o 54 : The number of songs on the box set. o 69 : (19)69, the year the first studio album was released. o 79 : (19)79, the year the last studio album was released. o (X) : The sideways '8' is the mathematical symbol for infinity, representing of course, how long the music will last. - Given the `mysterious' origins of crop cricles the cover picture was a perfect choice in keeping with the mystery and intrigue the band had cultivated around itself during its career. o "Remasters" - This two compact disc set set features the same picture of the crop circle used for the 4CD box cover, except that it is viewed from the opposite end. o "Box Set 2" - The now familiar blimp and crop circle theme with a psychedelic twist to it. o "The Complete Studio Recordings" - The numerous attractions for buying this box set, all the albums, all the original artwork and so on tend to ignore what at first seems to be a chaotic haze of grey shades on the outside of the box. The picture is in fact the scaffolding and beams and so on that support the exterior skin of a Zeppelin blimp and maintained the shape. Each of the ten compact discs also has a picture of the inside of a zeppelin on it, with no two the same, or coinciding with the picture on the exterior of the box set. A feature unique to this box set is the "garage door" style flip top. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.03 - Plantations And Other Onstage Musings The heading for this section is the term sometimes used to describe Robert Plant's onstage utterances. These ranged from simple introductions to songs to humourous anecdotes and stories depending on the circumstances. o From the 21 June 1977 performance at the L.A. Forum (on the "Listen To This Eddie" 3CD bootleg). Bonham was about to do his solo, entitled "Over The Top" in those days, but apparently had a problem with his drum hardware. So Plant filled the time: "That was called Kashmir...let me take you there. Bit of trouble with the musical equipment here. Right now, the man who fought against the elements. The man who fought food poisoning. The man who drinks Heineken. The man who doesn't get out of bed. The man who hasn't got a cymbal. The man who's having a chat with this man who knows the man who tunes Jimmy's guitar and comes from Scotland and doesn't know the man they call Tim... but does know Audrey from Dallas (thank you). The man who now learns to construct his own drum kit. The man who's _not_ very professional. (Shuddup, wait a minute!) The man who said he could go back to a building site anytime (and we all agreed). The man who's holding up the show... the Rhinestone Cowgirl. C'mon Bonzo, get on with it! The man who played the Los Angeles Aztecs and beat them 10-1 by himself. C'mon, you silly fucker! The man one wonders: is he worth waiting for? ... and doesn't realize there's a curfew here. A childhood friend, a man who many people once said...`never 'eard of him,' John Bonham Over The Top!!!!" o From the Earl's Court 75 shows and the bootleg "Rock and Roll" after the band performs Tangerine, Plant makes the interesting observation, "That is the first time the four of us have sung together on stage, or on record." o At a performance in Dallas on March 4, 1975 before "In My Time Of Dying" Plant goes some way to explaining whether Zeppelin were more influenced by the traditional version or Bob Dylan's cover. "This is a tune that goes way back to the roots from which all English people took their notes from, many, many years ago; and strangely enough, it's called In My Time Of Dying." o Before the band performed "The Battle of Evermore" at the June 10 show in New York, Plant introduces the song by way of the following explanation. "When we recorded this song we got a girl to help sing the vocals and we are pleased to have her with us tonight. Ladies and gentlemen, John Paul Jones on vocals. John Paul Jones on vocals!?" o From the "Silver Coated Rails" bootleg of the Earls Court show on May 23, 1975, is a peculiar recital from the song "Cats In The Cradle" by Cat Stevens. At one point between songs Plant whines, "Old man take a look at my life, I'm a lot like you." o At the 25/3/71 show at the Paris Theatre, which was taped for the BBC, Robert opens the show with the following preamble. "First of all, I'd like to say sorry about last week. We did about 18 dates in 6 days, no at least 20 days. And uh, my voice kind of gave up altogether. And we hope it's in better condition tonight, but if it's not, cheer because you're on the radio." o The following spiel from Plant preceeded the performance of "Over The Hills And Far Away" at the March 29, 1973 show at Madison Square Garden, New York. "We had a really good one last night, I don't know whether anybody was here. But, ah, what we intend to do try and get it better every night. So with your - only with your co-operation can we do that. And you know what I'm talking about." The rendition of "Misty Mountain Hop" at the same show was preceeded by another dose of Plant verbosity, this time directed at a person in the crowd misusing firecrackers. Plant points out that they are "no longer clever". "Now don't forget that will ya. You up there with the glasses." Yet more dialogue from the same concert. this time towards the end of the show. "At the end of my career, I should be able to give a television programme on how to keep roses... but as that's about a kiss away, it's out of the question..." o The bootleg entitled "From Boleskine To The Alamo" of the 1973 Fort Worth show has Plant providing a confusing introduction to "Dazed And Confused". "We like to uh... in fact it's nothing to we it's something to do with me... I'd like to dedicate this next one to an old friend... if she's about, the Butter Queen" o On the 1980 tour Jimmy Page did some of the song introductions, which was unusual for him, and the following proceeded the performance of "Black Dog" at the Zurich concert. "We're gonna do a number it's called Strangers in the night or fantasy dog town. This is an old one... I don't know if you can remember it or not because it's quite an old one... it's called Black... Dog." o The L.A. Forum show of 27/3/75 saw the following humourous intro for "Trampled Underfoot" from Plant. "I guess instead of a lemon song, this is a quart of oil song... it's called Trampled Underfoot..." o At a show in Japan in 1971, John Bonham's suspicious departure from the stage was accompanied by the following Plantation. "Bonzo gone bye, bye. Bonzo gone for bath with Geisha, yes". o The following reminiscence from Plant is from Earl's Court in 1975. "The last time we played at Cardiff at the Lacarno the equipment was set up but they wouldn't let us in cuz we didn't have a tie on. It was really, those were the days, but have things changed that much? ... This song is really for our family and friends... It's a song of love in its most (Page mumbles something) in its most innocent stages. It's called Tangerine." ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.04 - Trivia Of Illegitimate Origin o The plethora of soundboard recordings from the 1980 tour suggests that there were some corrupted sound people behind the mixing desk. In fact, this may not be the case at all. When Jimmy's home was burgled prior to "Outrider" a large quantity of tapes were stolen, including professionally recorded shows. Tt is not unusual for a band to record themselves to see how well their performance went, and this may have been done with a view to one day releasing the much talked about Live Retrospective. Also, over the years it is possible that other members of the band's associates may have had tapes stolen from the. It has also been suggested that some of the tapes come from roadies who got ahold of them "legitimately" and re-sold them later for large sums of money. But, getting back to the mixing board operators, with an appropriate sum of money it may not have been hard at all to be able to persuade someone to tape the show for you. Ironically, Zeppelin and their management seemed to think they were stemming the flow of bootlegs throughout their career. o At the Dallas Pop Festival on 31/8/69 Zeppelin put in an amazing performance. However, due to time constraints they could only do one more song after "You Shook me" on the setlist, so they made "How Many More Times" stretch out to twenty minutes in length! With the crowd screaming for more they tossed in "Communication Breakdown" to finish their set. o On the "Destroyer" bootleg at the 8:37 mark in "Stairway To Heaven" just as Plant has sung "And as we wind on down the road" the guitar sound suddenly disappears, and the remainder of the song is totally devoid of guitar, just keyboards, bass, and drums. The absence is really noticeable as Page was really howling up that point. The guitar sound is picked up for the next song though, "Rock And Roll". o An album is available in America called "Bootleg Zeppelin : Performed By John Vearity, Whole Lotta Love". The album features the aformentioned individual playing covers of 16 Zeppelin tunes. o The performance of "Misty Mountain Hop" on the 17/7/73 Seattle show, on the "Trouble In Vancouver" bootleg, is dedicated by Plant to the people who drove the buses from Vancouver to Seattle. This refers to the cancellation of the scheduled Vancouver show, and how the people had to come from there by bus to see the band in Seattle. The Vancouver concert was cancelled after rioting broke out while people were queuing for tickets. o An instrumental outtake of "Carouselambra" appears on the bootleg "In Through The Back Door". o The unreleased "Tribute To Bert Berns" is very similar to "Baby Come On Home" except that it is longer and has more of an organ presence. This can be found on the bootleg "Strange Tales From The Road" which also contains the 1971 Bombay Symphony Orchestra recordings made by Page and Plant of "Four Sticks" and "Friends". o On the well known "Destroyer" bootleg at one point Plant says, '...and the doctor was played by Larry Badgely.' Larry Badgely M.D. is a real person and was the doctor on that particular tour as well as being a doctor for the Rolling Stones on their 1972 tour. Relations between the band and Badgely were not particulary good with at least one claim that Page and Bonham were known to dip into the good doctor's supply of painkillers. Badgely is known to have accused Page of pilfering qualudes from his medical bag while on tour once. o The bootleg cd "Stockholm '69" features the band running down a version of Otis Rush's "I Gotta Move" while Jimmy changes a string he broke on his guitar. The song is listed on the cd, however, as "I Fought My Way Out Of Darkness" though, another Otis Rush song. o "Hiawatha Express" has, amongst other things, three songs from Plant's pre-Zeppelin band, The Band Of Joy, a cover of "Hey Joe", "Got To Find My Baby", and "For What It's Worth". o There is a bootleg interview available from Japan on the CGI label, identifiable by the picture on the cover of the band with some Japanese women. The band's name is misspellt as Led Zeppelin in the accompanying liner notes. o A bootleg entitled "Rare Tracks Vol.1", a Greek import, contains several interesting demo tracks of "Stairway To Heaven" amongst other things. Sources for this material are probably the thieves who broke into Page's house and made off with a variety of his tapes. o Both the versions of "The Girl I Love" on the bootlegs "Shenadoah" and "Radio Session" fade out at about the same spot, during the second guitar solo. The version on "Radio Sessions" has better sound quality. o Only a handful of performances of "As Long As I Have You" have been captured on bootlegs. The January 9, 1969 performance at the Fillmore West sounds like the band is still learning the song, as Jones plays a few bad notes, while the April version is much better realised, with several guitar solos and guitar/vocal unison transitions. Other performances were on March 13, and May 19, 1969. The song was originally performed by Garnett Mimms but was written by B. Elgin and J. Ragavoy. o The recordings with the Bombay Symphony Orchestra of "Four Sticks" and "Friends" can be found on the bootlegs "Tangible Vandalism", and the appropriately titled "Bombay Symphony Orchestra", which also several takes of each, along with Page acoustic material. The "Tangible Vandalism" bootleg also contains "Physical Graffiti" outtakes, third album session material, and recordings from Liverpool, England. o "Poles And Sticks" is a notable bootleg. It contains the only complete version of "Gallows Pole" and the only live version of "Four Sticks", from a performance at Copenhagen in 1971. There is also the first live version of "Celebration Day", a 20 minute version of "Dazed And Confused", and a 21 minute "Whole Lotta Love" medley. Plant introduces "Four Sticks" as a new song there isn't a title for yet, and "Rock And Roll" as "It's Been A Long Time". ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.05 - Meet The Press FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE FROM: BOB ROLONTZ ATLANTIC RECORDS SIGNS ENGLAND'S HOT NEW GROUP, LED ZEPPELIN, IN ONE OF THE BIGGEST DEALS OF THE YEAR Atlantic Records has signed the hot new English group, Led Zeppelin, to a long term, exclusive recording contract. Although the exact terms of the deal are secret, it can be disclosed that it is one of the most substantial deals Atlantic has ever made. Agreement for the group's services was made between Jerry Wexler, Executive Vice President of Atlantic Records, and Peter Grant, manager of the group. Led Zeppelin consists of four of the most exciting musicians performing in Britain today. They are Jimmy Page, leader of the group and lead guitarist; John Paul Jones, bassist, pianist, organist, arranger; John Bonham, drums; and Robert Plant, lead vocal and harmonica. Jimmy Page is a former member of the Yardbirds, the group that spawned the careers of two other great musicians, Eric Clapton and Jeff Beck. Page joined the Yardbirds in 1966 and stayed with the group until it disbanded in the summer of 1968. Prior to joining the Yardbirds he was one of the busiest session men in London. John Paul Jones is considered one of England's finest arrangers as well as an outstanding bass player. He is the arranger of Donovan's "Mellow Yellow", "Sunshine Superman", and "Hurdy Gurdy Man", and of the Rolling Stones' "She's A Rainbow." Drummer John Bonham created a sensation with his drum solos while accompanying Tim Rose on his British tour in early 1968. Vocalist Robert Plant is considered one of England's outstanding young blues singers, and has been involved in singing blues since he was 15. All of the members of the group are in their early 20's. The pulsations surrounding Led Zeppelin have intensified ever since the group recorded its first (and as yet unreleased) album, which was produced by Jimmy Page, just a month ago in London. Top English and American rock musicians who have heard the tracks have compared the LP to the best of Cream and Jimi Hendrix, and have called Led Zeppelin the next group to reach the heights achieved by Cream and Hendrix. This Led Zeppelin LP will be released by Atlantic early in January. Led Zeppelin is the eighth British group to be singed by Atlantic during the past 24 months. The others are Cream, Bee Gees, Julie Driscoll-Brian Auger & The Trinity, The Crazy World of Arthur Brown, The Marbles, The Magic Lanterns, and Jimmy James & The Vagabonds. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.06 - Zeppelin Miscellania o The debut album was recorded in 30 hours spread over two weeks. The MTV Rockumentary though, claims it was 36 hours, while the original quote pertaining to this was something along the lines of "A little over 30 hours." o At a February 21, 1970 gig in Copenhagen the band was billed as "The Nobs" as a result of a threat of legal action from aristocrat Eva von Zeppelin. She is reported to have said, "They may be world famous, but a couple of shrieking monkeys are not going to use a priveleged family name without permission." o Road manager and band associate Richard Cole was relieved of his duties for the band's last tour by Peter Grant because of a chronic cocaine addiction. Sent to Italy to detox, Cole somehow ended up being mistaken for a terrorist involved in a bombing and was imprisoned temporarily. o On stage the band worked like this; Jimmy usually led the band unless Robert came up with a good lyrical segue, Bonham watched Jimmy for cues while Jones listened to Jimmy for cues. When Jones and Bonham figured out where Page was heading, quite often in some very bizarre directions, notably during "Dazed and Confused", they were right there. An example of Plant trying to direct the band were his attempts to get the band to segue into "Gallows Pole" from "Whole Lotta Love." Something he never quite managed. These details were provided by Jones. o The title than band had in mind for the studio album to follow the 1977 tour was "Tight But Loose" but this ended up not being used as Plant's son Karac died mid-tour throwing the band's plans into chaos and resulting in everything being put on hold. o Led Zeppelin played to a total of 1,388,729 people on their 1977 American tour. o The way the songs were selected for the 1990 box set was, according to Page, that Page got Jones and Plant to write down what they didn't want to be on the set and he went from there. o Peter Grant's frustration with the efforts of bootleggers to rip off his act is manifested in many incidents such as the one in the film "The Song Remains The Same", Grant destroying copies of the bootleg "Blueberry Hill" he happened to find in record stores, his rapid dissassembly and dispersal of any unauthorised recording equipment he came across at concerts such as at the Bath festival, and an infamous incident when he spotted a guy in the front row of the audience with a microphone. Grant marched out and proceeded to destroy the equipment only to later find the man was a government employee monitoring noise levels. This last incident occurred in Vancouver, and Grant apparently, according to Richard Cole, a phrase which seemingly guarantess inaccuracy, had to give Canada a wide berth until the arrest warrant for him was finally lifted. o When a show at Tampa, Florida in 1977 was rained out a riot broke out amongst the crowd. o From the May 1993 issue of "Guitar World", page 15. "In 1972 Jimmy Page flew to Washington D.C. to hear bluesman Bobby Parker perform, with the intent of signing him to Led Zeppelin's nascent Swan Song label. The two guitarists jammed and Page gave Parker $2,000 to buy a tape deck and record a demo. But Parker never completed the tape, and his great opportunity fizzled." Plant acknowledges Parker as an influence, and the interest of Page is also some indication of a similar feeling. Parker was at the forefront of the British blues craze with his 1961 single "Watch Your Step" and in 1968 was brought to England and hailed as the new Hendrix. Somehow it never quite worked out. Parker released a new album in 1993, "Bent Out Of Shape" and must surely regret his failure to cut a demo for Jimmy. "Moby Dick" is apparently very derivative of one of Parker's early songs. o Former tour manager Richard Cole has claimed he was only paid $1250 by Stephen Davis for his revelations which make up a large proportion of Davis' notorious book "Hammer of the Gods." o Rap group the Beastie Boys sampled Zeppelin at least twice, their song "Rhymin' & Stealin'" uses the drum track from "When The Levee Breaks," and "She's Crafty" uses guitar samples from "The Ocean." Both these songs are on their first album. At one stage the Beastie Boys were sued by the group for their use of these samples. One song "License To Ill" samples "Custard Pie", while on Paul's Boutique there are samples from "Moby Dick" and "The Ocean". The Beastie also used a sample from "Rock And Roll". o The "Screaming Lord Sutch And Heavy Friends" album from 1970 which features Jimmy Page and John Bonham has also been released under the title "Smoke And Fire." Jeff Beck, Noel Redding and Nicky Hopkins also appear on the album. o A song by Jeff Beck called "Cathouse" on the soundtrack to "Frankie's House" apparently bears some similarities to Zeppelin's "Heartbreaker". o The film "Sea Of Love" does not feature the cover of that song by the Honeydrippers, on which Plant sang and Page played guitar. It features the original version, and a cover by Tom Waits. o All the songs on Aerosmith's "Get A Grip" album are copyrighted to Swag Song Music Inc. The band are noted Zeppelin fans, regularly doing great covers of the Yardbirds' "Train Kept A Rollin'" Bass player Tom Hamilton has said Aerosmith wanted to be the American equivalent of the great English bands like Led Zeppelin and Cream. Guitarist Joe Perry thinks Aerosmith was more influenced by the Yardbirds though. Jimmy Page jammed with Aerosmith at the 1990 Donnington festival, and again at a Marquee Club show on August 20, where they played five songs, one of which was "Immigrant Song." Anyway, the copyright name may well be some sort of humourous name the band came up with in light of all this. o The band is known to have declined an invitation from Cynthia Plaster Caster to have their more private parts immortalized in stone. Other artists such as Hendrix did have casts made. o One of the few occasions when Zeppelin allowed one of their songs to be used during a film was in the film "Fast Time At Ridgemont High." The reason being that the director was Cameron Crowe, Zeppelin devotee, and a journalist who was popular with the band during their heyday, as he tended to write reasonable articles about them. The song that is featured in the film is "Kashmir", and is accompanied with some interesting comments about the aphrodisiac-like effect of the fourth album, "And when it comes time to make out, pop in side one of Led Zeppelin IV." Cameron Crowe's wife, Nancy Wilson of the Canadian rock group Heart, makes a guest appearance in the film, as the blonde girl in the sports car who flirts with Judge Reinhold. o An example of the attitudes from the music press in general and music critics to Led Zeppelin is shown by this extract from an essay written in 1969 by Jon Landau, "Rock 1970 - It's Too Late To Stop Now." "Led Zeppelin has now become the most popular of all the late sixties British bands. Like their predecessors, they build their style on doubling bass and guitar figures, thereby creating a distored emphasis on the bottom sound range. It is a completely physical approach to sound that usually works better live than on records. Zeppelin's demeanor, like that of most of these groups, was loud, impersonal, exhibitionistic, violent and often insane. Watching them at a recent concert I saw little more than Robert Plant's imitations of sexuality and Jimmy Page's unwillingness to sustain a musical idea for more than a few measures. "I got a sense that the real mood of the band is ennui. I sat there thinking that rock could not go on like this. There are those who are prepared to buy it now, but there is no future in it, and that is why groups like Led Zeppelin take it all now. They have no place to go, no place to grow into, no roots anywhere. And so there they were in front of 15,000 people, going through the motions- their `act'- in order to pick up a paycheck. Fifteen thousand people sat through it all hoping that somehow their expectations would be fulfilled. They weren't because in the words of a fine Bob Dylan song, `nothing was delivered.'" o An issue of "Time" magazine in October 1993 featured an article categorizing various bands from the 1960's to the 1990's. Led Zeppelin was classified by them as a "60's Hard Rock Band." In keeping with this rather unusual interpretation of musical history Pink Floyd was categorized as an "80's Acid Rock Band." o Of all the strange places for Zeppelin to pop up, an episode of "Beavis & Butthead" has to rank up there. The conversation that preceeded the airing of "Over The Hills And Far Away" went: Beavis : This sucks! It sounds like folk music! Butt-head : Shut up, ass wipe! It gets cool. Just wait... o The film "Bad Lieutenant," starring Harvey Keitel, features a song by rapper Schooly D. called "Signifying Rapper" which is basically "Kashmir" with a lot of rapping about violence over the top of it. o The Toshiba phone company in the October 4, 1993 issue of MacLean's magazine published an advertisment which purported to show a single of "Stairway To Heaven" and had the following accommpanying text: "Stairway to Heaven. You're in high school. It's late. You've got your arms around someone. It's playing. A few years later you hear it on an elevator and can't wait until it stops. But you find yourself admiring it for its durability. And hope other things might wear that well.
." o "Travelling Riverside Blues" - In addition to the Rosedale mentioned in the song, it has been pointed out that Roseale is also an upmarket suburb in Toronto and a shopping mall outside St. Paul, MN. It is however exceedingly unlikely Robert Johnson was referring to either of these, as his Rosedale is the one on Mississippi Highway 1, which is also known as the River Road, 45 miles from Friars Point, which Johnson also mentions in the original version of the song. o There is an amusing parody of "Stairway To Heaven" called "Buying A Slurpee At 7-Eleven." One of the verses begins, `There's a sign on the door, that says "Slippery Wet Floor", but you know those signs have no meaning.' The parody was written and performed by Mark Davis, althoug very likely not the Mark Davis who was one of my lecturers in first year, and Rob "Iceman" Izenberg. Another parody is "Elevator To Menswear." o The famous Swan Song symbol that Zeppelin adopted as the logo for their record label was borrowed from an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by William Rimmer entitled "Evening Fall Of Day." The figure in the painting is the Greek sun god Apollo. The painting is not, as some people would have you believe, of Icarus or Daedalus. These two are also figures from Greek mythology. Daedalus is, according to legend, supposed to have crafted a set of wings from feathers and wax for himself and Icarus which they could use to escape from their prison on Crete to freedom in Greece. Unfortunately, Icarus being the younger of the two thought it might be a lark to fly a little higher, and flew too close to the sun which melted his wings and he plunged to his death in a sea, which is still known as the Icarian sea. Icarus' first flight was also his swan song. Daedalus also designed the labyrinth on Crete for King Mino's minotaur, which was the reason for his imprisonment, because he alone knew the secrets of the labyrinth. o The Swan Song label came into being in 1974 after Zeppelin's contract with Atlantic came up for renegotiation. Peter Grant negotiated a deal whereby all the band's business affairs and his management of them would be handled by a separate label. Dave Lewis lists some rumoured names as Eclipse, Slut, Slag, Deluxe, Stairway, and the name of their publishing company, Superhype. Lewis also writes that a sub-company owned by the band, Cullderstead, was registered for Swan Song as a business name. The name is taken from the title of an unfinished band composition, an instrumental, which Page had tagged as "Swan Song." The song was another piece built around an exotic guitar tuning from Page. Although the song was never finished, it most likely, according to Christopher Crowe, evolved into the Firm song "Midnight Moonlight." Dave Lewis writes that "Swan Song" may have been an early version of "Ten Years Gone." o The "Wayne's World" and "Wayne's World 2" films feature a number of Zeppelin references. In the first film when Wayne goes to a guitar store to buy himself his dream white Fender Stratocaster he starts to play "Stairway To Heaven" only to be interrupted by the store attendant who points to a sign in the store that says "No Stairway To Heaven". Wayne is understandably aghast. This sign is apparently quite common in music stores. In the second film when Garth meets Kim Basinger's character in a laundromat he is wearing a t-shirt with the cover of the first album, the Hindenburg disaster, on it. A quote from Wayne from the first film, "Look at Led Zeppelin, they didn't make songs people liked, they left that to the Beegees." The mirthmobile, is, by the way, an AMC Pacer not a Pinto. The actor who plays Garth, Dana Carvey, is apparently a huge Zeppelin fan, which might explain the plethora of Zeppelin references. In the second movie when Wayne and Garth visit the home of the legendary roadie, they pick up a photo album of him and the bands he had toured with and a touched up photo of the roadie, Page and Plant is shown. Wayne states the bleeding obvious by asking, "Hey, is this you with Led Zeppelin?" On all video and cable releases of the first "Wayne's World" movie, to "Stairway To Heaven" that Wayne is supposed to be playing in the music store are overdubbed with random, distorted guitar as the film-makers didn't have permission to use the real intro. o _Rolling_Stone_ magazine, in an unsubtle attempt to rewrite history, and create the impression that they loved all the Zeppelin albums to death when they were first released, re-assessed all of them for their recently released Album Guide. When first released, _Rolling_Stone_ was particularly dissmissive and scathing of most of Zeppelin's output. This institutional bias has now been dissipated with the addition of Zeppelin fans such as David Fricke to the writing staff. The revised ratings are on a scale of one to five stars. "Led Zeppelin" **** "Led Zeppelin II" **** "Led Zeppelin III" **** "Untitled" ***** "Houses of the Holy" **** 1/2 "Physical Grafitti" **** "Presence" *** 1/2 "The Song Remains the Same" ** 1/2 "In Through the Out Door" *** "Coda" ** 1/2 "Led Zeppelin" (Box Set) **** 1/2 o Similarities have been noticed between the riff in the introduction to "Under The Bridge" by the Red Hot Chilli Peppers and the intro riff in "Achilles Last Stand." o Several Zeppelin songs contain drug references, whether directly or indirectly through slang terms. Probably the most widely used drug by the band, Plant admits this, was marijuana, which is referred to in "Over The Hills And Far Away" in it's "Acapulco Gold" incarnation. `I live for my dream and a pocket full of gold'. Plant added the "Acapulco" during live versions. "Stairway To Heaven" also contains a line, `..all that glitters is gold' although this is probbably not a drug reference. "Misty Mountain Hop" has the aura of some drug induced haze and when discussing the origins of the song Plant has hinted at the presence of drugs at a London sleep-in busted up by the Police. "Dazed And Confused" originally known as "I'm Confused" when performed by Jake Holmes was about an acid trip, but the lyrics were changed for the Zeppelin version, although a few lines hint at its prior lyrical theme. Harder drugs such as cocaine were used by the band later in its career and are mentioned in "For Your Life" where Plant even makes snorting noises. Another song about the band's overindulgences, "The Rover" also contains drug references amongst other things. o During an appearance on "The Tonight Show" in America Plant claimed that Zeppelin used to try and sound like black guys from Chicago, a claim supported by their choice of covers, several from Chicago bluesmen. The Chicago blues style itself is markedly different from other dominant blues styles, such as Delta, Texas and Memphis. It relies less on acoustisc instruments than these others, and can cover more traditional band elements in the form of extra musicians. Some notable exponents of Chicago blues as Buddy Guy and Robert Cray. Chicago blues was also the first blues variety to gain a major following among young British musicians in the 1960's, although some of the leading musicians of the time such as Page, Clapton and Richards moved on from Chicago quickly to other more sparse styles such as Delta. However, Zeppelin probably sounds closer to the Memphis style which incorporates electric and acoustic elements. A Delta blues influence is also present with both Page and Plant readily proclaiming their admiration for Robert Johnson the acknowledged "King Of The Delta Blues". Memphis is in turn a derivative of the Delta style. o The whole issue of whether or not "Stairway To Heaven" contains a backmasked message is surrounded by emotive and irrational arguments. One of the foremost sleaze expeditions on Zeppelin is Stephen Davis's "Hammer Of The Gods". Within this illustrious tome, he asserts the common theory that the message is "Here's to my sweet Satan" on page 9 of the book. Yet on page 309 he asserts that when "Stairway" is played backwards at a slower speed the message is "I live for Satan". Additional sources for this debate include the christianmentary "Hell's Bells : The Dangers Of Rock And Roll" wherein the theory is espoused that the message is "My sweet Satan. No other made a path for it makes me sad whose power is Satan." Next up is renowned religious freak Monty Python who claimed to hear the message "Spam spam spam" over and over throughout the entire duration of the song. Of a slightly more factual nature, Henry T.F. Rhodes has claimed that in black masses prayers are sometimes said backwards, although presumably this only affects the word arrangements. o Another persistent claim is that the bandmembers, often with the claimed exclusion of Jones, sold their souls to the devil. This helps to explain Plant's car crash, his son's death, Bonham's death and a multitude of other unfortunate occurrences. A slight twist on it is that Pagey was very close to the devil because his daughter was not injured in Plant's car crash, although the devil must not have liked one of his houses as it fell into the sea. No such public misfortunes befell Jones and so it logically follows he didn't sell his soul to the devil. But the whole idea of someone selling their soul to the devil for their success and fame seems to be a recurrent theme with celebrities dating back to the nineteenth century. One example was Paganini who had to get his mother to write a letter stating his father was not the devil in order to appease a French town. Musicians seem to feature prominently on the list of celebrities well-acquantined with the devil, such as Jim Morrison, Eric Clapton (who is also God), John Lennon, Ozzy Osbourne, Alice Cooper and Kiss, which is of course stands for "Knights In Satan's Service". Outside the field of music others include Walt Disney (check out Fantasia), Carol Lombard, and even corporations such as Proctor & Gamble. From these examples, it appears that when people cannot find a rational explanation for the talent some people possess they begin to look for unusual explanations, hence the eventual claim that the person in question is in league with the devil, which is a quick, and easy way to get back at them I guess. o Along with the recurring number 54 in relation to Plant and Zeppelin, the number 10 seems to pop up quite frequently as well. In "How Many More Times", `I've got ten children of my own', in "Heartbreaker", `It's been ten years and maybe more since I first laid eyes on you', in "Ramble On", `Been this way ten years to the day', and in "Ten Years Gone", `Ten years gone, holding on'. A slightly tenuous extension of this theme is that the number 10 is sacred to the ancient Cail Li'n cult of gaelic origin in a similar way that 7 recurs in the bible. Plant may have been trying to invoke some sort of mystic power or magical influence by repeating the number in the lyrics to songs. A comparison is that in the bible many things are grouped in sevens, the days of creation, seven plagues in Egypt, and the number of apocalyptic horsemen. Much more likely is that it seemed a suitable timespan for the lyrical theme. o One of the bands formed out of the ashes of the Yardbirds was Together. This featured Keith Relf and Jim McCarty but not Page. The band's style could be said to be soft acoustic rock. o Led Zeppelin's first five album were released on reel to reel format. According to Rick Barrett the first three albums are numbered with roman numerals on the spines of the boxes while the fourth album just has the band member's four symbols. However, Barrett in an impressive display of attention to detail notes that there is a second version of "Led Zeppelin II" on this format, which features the roman numerals on the spine as the normal version does, but also the phrase "The only way to fly". This is apparently very rare and would be worth a quite considerable amount of money to a collector, such as Barrett. o Zeppelin are rumoured to have performed some christmas carols at a show during the early seventies. o The Bombay Orchestra with which Plant and Page recorded version of "Friends" and "Four Sticks" in 1971 features along with western style instruments, native Indian ones such as tabla drums and sitars. While an interesting experiment, the recordings were never released offically and are only available on bootlegs. The project is said to have run into problems because Page complained that the orchestra members didn't keep time in the Western style and some of them drank rather a lot. o When last mentioned, sales of "The Complete Studio Recordings" in the USA had been certified "Gold", meaning sales of 500,000 units. Sales of the first Box Set have reached one million, four times platinum. o Rehearsals for "In Through The Out Door" took place at Clearwell Castle in May, 1978. o The working title for "Coda" was "Early Days And Latter Days". o Another Zep clone band in the style of Kingdom Come were an outfit that went by the name of Zebra, who supposedly did a cover of "The Ocean". Another group lumped into the Zep clone category, and unfairly so according to some, is Canadian group The Tea Party. On their "Splendor Solis" album is a song called "Sun Going Down" which features the following lyric, `I think my wings have fallen below, Jesus I need another pair, St. Peter at the gates of heaven won't you let me in?' Random coincidence? The singer, in all fairness, sounds more Jim Morrison than anyone else. Yet another Zeppelin clone band is The White. The singer from this outfit, Michael White, is apparently so good at reproducing Plant's voice that it's eerie. Interestingly, Michael White is the mananger of The Tea Party, and The White and The Tea Party both use the same studio, in Vermont. A gig by The White in the U.K. was attended by Plant's bass player Charlie Jones, and his wife, Plant's daughter Carmen. It was suggested to Plant himself that he check out the band and he has, although his thoughts on their performance are not recorded. The Tea Party recently played on the same bill as Page and Plant. o In the gap between tracks 8 and 9 on Van Morrison's "Tupelo Honey" album ("When That Evening Sun Goes Down" and "Moonshine Whiskey") there is the sound of someone exhaling that is reportedly a dead ringer for Plant's exhale at the beginning of "Whole Lotta Love". "Tupelo Honey" was released in 1971 as a follow-up to the very successful "Moondance" album. The question of whether or not this is sampled is a major stretch of the imagination however, so it can be classed as random coincidence. o The Spanish seaside town of Malgrat de Mar has a bar called "Zeppelin" which is run by a group of Zeppelin fans and enthusiasts. The bar also sells a t-shirt with it's logo on it for tourists, the logo being a picture of "Mr. Zeppelin". o The Rock And Roll Cafe in New York City, situated at 149 Bleeker Street, at one point several years ago featured a Zeppelin tribute band called Four Sticks every Monday night. The tribute band was preceeded by a Hendrix tribute band. o Peter Grant's bathrobe from the cancelled 1980 U.S. tour with "Led Zeppelin The 80's, Part One" emblazoned on the back was spotted by a listmember for sale in a Boston store for around US$700. Judging by the size of Grant at the time you certainly get your money's worth though! o Punk "Musicians", a term I use with some trepidation, were renowned for bucketing Zeppelin. Johnny Rotten who once labelled the band, "boring old farts", was reported in _Q_ magazine as having contacted Plant recently to get the lyrics for "Kashmir" so PIL could cover it. An even more derisive quote, is Paul Simonon of the Clash's, "I don't even have to hear the music, just looking at one of their album covers makes me want to throw up". o The street that the building depicted on the cover of "Physical Graffiti" is on is St. Marks Place, New York City. The street runs right through Greenwich Village. o The punk band Unsane does a cover of "Four Sticks". o Led Zeppelin are the only band to have had all their albums reach the Billboard Top 10. Of these ten albums, six went to number one. o During his drum solo on their 1994 tour, Aerosmith drummer Joey Kramer would sometimes incorporate a section from "Poor Tom". o A song by Soundgarden, title unknown, uses the "Killing Floor" riff from 1969. This is the riff where an E is played twice, count out a measure, and a "Boom Boom" style riff is then played, at about half the speed John Lee Hooker plays it. o The riff from "In The Light" was borrowed by the guitarist from Stone Temple Pilots, sped up, made heavier and simplified and incorporated into either "Sex Type Thing" or "Wicked Garden". o On the 1994 Aerosmith tour, guitarist Joe Perry was known to play a bit of "Dazed And Confused" during his solo which usually led into "Sweet Emotion". He did this at Aerosmith's Woodstock 1994 appearance. This seems to be a common trend among guitarists, with Slash also doing this with Guns 'n Roses. On the Metallica box set "Live Shit: Binge & Purge" during one of the concerts on video bass player Jason Newsted begins playing the start of "Dazed And Confused" at the end of his bass solo. Guitarist Kirk Hammett then chips in with the psychedelic guitar chords from the song. They also play a snippet from "Moby Dick" later in the concert. o The band Brother Cane have a song called "Make Your Play" which features some slide work reminiscent of that in "In My Time Of Dying". o Kristin Hersh's "Your Ghost" cd single features a cover of "When The Levee Breaks". This can be on the "Strings" album. o Duran Duran's cover of "Thank You" appears on the soundtrack to the film _With_Honors_. o The CBC show "This Hour Has 22 Minutes" uses the same burning Zeppelin footage in the beginning of their show as appears on the cover of the first album. o The Powder Monkey's album "Smashed On A Knee" features a similar picture to that on the first Zeppelin album, except that is was taken a few moments later. o Heart is a band that wears its Zeppelin influences on its sleeves, but in places it does sound a bit too derivative. Two examples are the songs "Barracuda" and "Magic Man" which imitate "Achilles Last Stand" and "Immigrant Song" respectively. Also, the end of "Straight On" is a lift from "The Crunge". o Unlike during "The Song Remains The Same", for the two Knebworth 1979 dates, the band dressed identically on both occasions. o A radio station in Florida found out the hard way that an all Zeppelin format was not a viable idea when it kicked off its transmissions by playing "Stairway To Heaven" fifty times in a row. Within two weeks the station had gone broke and had had to resort to the usual dull and unvaried commercial format. o At a Minneapolis date on his 1994 tour Billy Joel and his band ran down a cover of "Good Times Bad Times" with the introduction "This is one of my all time favourite songs". Before that he had instructed the band to "Let's do that one we were fooling around with before". Billy played rhythm guitar for this song. o In the first story, _The_Langoliers_, in Stephen King's _Four_ _Past_Midnight_, one of the characters says the following, "Sometimes, when I'm sure my music teacher isn't around, I play old Led Zeppelin songs," he said. "That stuff _really_ cooks on the violin. You'd be suprised." o The programme for Zeppelin's 1979 Knebworth gigs was a little ahead of their record company. It listed the new, at the time, album, "In Through The Out Door", as being "Available now on Swansong records and tapes". In fact, the album was not available at the time of the concerts, and was delayed for some time. An advertisement for HMV records also in the programme was more accurate, in that it listed all the previous Zep albums, showing sleeves and prices, but not "In Through The Out Door". o A music convention in Toronto, Canada, in early 1994 featured Peter Grant as a keynote speaker. o A classical guitar recital at the Berklee College of Music attended by a member of the list in early 1994 included a song listed on the programme as "Bob Pix On Lead - Jimmy Page and Robert Plant". o Rapper Ice-T has been known to use Zeppelin samples such as the drum beat from "When The Levee Breaks", commonly used in rap and dance music anyway, and the bass riff in "Heartbreaker". o On March 29, 1975 Led Zeppelin made music history by becoming the first band to feature their entire back catalogue, all six albums, on the album charts at the same time. That was the first and so far, last time that has happened with that quantity of albums. o The 1969 Sony Super Show film features Zeppelin along with Eric Clapton and Steven Stills, amongst other. o The shows that Zeppelin recorded for the BBC have been rebroadcast in recent years on the syndicated shows "In Concert" and "Superstars In Concert" on American radio. Some of the material may no longer exist in BBC archives, and these radio broadcasts are the ones that turn up most frequently as bootlegs. o The Kentucky Headhunters, an American group obviously, are noted Zeppelin fans. Some members of this band claimed to have been signed to Sawn Song at one point, as mentioned in the FAQL. o Yorke's book on Zeppelin contains the following illuminating statistics regarding album sales in the USA. 1st. The Beatles = 56 million albums sold. 2nd. Led Zeppelin = 45 million albums sold. These figures do not include the sales of either of the box sets or "The Complete Studio Recordings". o An unknown Soundgarden song reputedly features the riff, or a very similar one from "Friends". o The organist who played during Rangers home hockey games at Madison Square Gardens in the early 1990's had a repertoire which included "Kashmir". o Richard Cole, possibly not the well known one among Zeppelin fans, manages the Zeppelin tribute band Physical Graffiti. o An interesting Zep legend relates to their 1968 show at Denver, 26/12/68, which was the first date from their first US tour. There was a snowstorm in Denver at the time and Zeppelin were stuck there without their equipment and expected to do a show at the Coliseum. Using borrowed equipment Zep went ahead with the show and whilst Plant was singing at some point the microphone went dead. Plant, reputedly, tossed it aside and continued singing without it. o In June 1994, WHJY-FM in Providence broadcast the statistic that 74% of the members of President Clinton's administration believed that Led Zeppelin was a fuel additive. o At the 1994 Zeppelin convention, some newly unearthed footage of Page and Plant at an Australian press conference was shown. Only about 10 minutes long, the piece is an interesting curiosity. o The film "The Client" features several references to Led Zeppelin. The kid in the film who witnessed the murder is seen wearing a Zeppelin t-shirt, and the lawyer asks the rather rhetorical question of whether the kid likes Zeppelin. The kid is under the impression that the lawyer has no idea about Zeppelin and is just trying to worm her way into his trust. He asks her what her favourite Zeppelin song is, and she replies, in a rather unusual response, the live version of "Moby Dick". The kid then asks her to name the first four albums, which she does, even explaining that the fourth album is officially untitled but is commonly referred to as "IV". The film incidentally is based on a John Grisham novel. o A series of comics entitled "The Led Zeppelin Experience" were published in 1993 by Revolutionary Comics in California. As with Australian bootlegs in recent years, the covers loudly proclaim their unofficial nature. However, the comics are content just to rip off Richard Cole's tired old road stories, doing little but translating them into pictorial form. However, one issue does get a little more interesting with an exceprt from Aleister Crowley's "Magick In Theory And Practice" printed on the inside cover. o A song was released in 1993 called "She Likes To Make Love To Led Zeppelin" which had a lyrics that touched on various album and song titles. o A 1994 song by Bomb The Bass contained several references to Jimmy Page and how "The song remains the same". o The exact pronunciantion of Bron-Y-Aur, the cottage in Snowdonia, Wales, where Page and Plant retreated to to write the songs for "Led Zeppelin III", is unclear. Welsh being one of the hardest languages to understand, it is obviously not pronounced as it appears. The word apparently originated in old Welsh dialects, and one school of thought has it that it is pronounced brom-rar. However, Robert has been heard to pronounce it bron-rar. o In a section of Alice In Chain's "I'll Stay Away" where the acoustic part ascends, then descends, it sounds similar to the guitar in Zeppelin's cover of "Travelling Riverside Blues". o Legend has it that after their August 18, 1969, show at the Rockpile in Toronto, Zeppelin carried on playing acoustically outside the venue on the street for an hour or so. Nobody paid much attention to them as they were not well known at the time. o The band members major influences could be stated as follows: Jimmy Page - Early rock 'n roll, electric blues, Carnatic (Indian), Celtic folk, and Arabic music. Robert Plant - folk rock (Californian bands), psychedelia, acoustic blues, Arabic, and Indian later in life. John Paul Jones - Motown, Jazz, Rock, and Classical arrangements for non-standard instruments. John Bonham - Jazz, Rock, and Funk. o Led Zeppelin's admiration of The Beatles is an established fact. The famous "Blueberry Hill" bootleg features them inserting a quick nod to "I Saw Her Standing There" during a "Communication Breakdown" medley. They also played "Please Please Me", in parody, on at least one occasion, and on the 1980 tour played "Money", with Phil Carson, at some shows. o Stephen Davis, author of the notorious "Hammer Of The Gods", has claimed that Zeppelin performed "Purple Haze" during concerts on their 1973 tour. This is uncertain, but during "The Song Remains The Same" just after the bowing section and as Robert is saying "Do it!" Jimmy plays what sounds like a snatch of "Foxy Lady". o Frank Hannon, guitarist from the band Tesla, has a red Gibson double-neck guitar like Page's which he uses for the Zeppelin- influenced "Love Song". o Boston band Fury And The Slaughterhouse, a local band from Boston appear to be adept Zeppelin thieves, with one of their songs featuring a direct sample from the beginning of "D'Yer Mak'er", and the drums from "When The Levee Breaks". o "The Ten Legendary Singles" a special New Zealand-only release features the standard ten Zeppelin singles in a seven-inch box set with a picture of a Zeppelin over Berlin during World War II on the cover. This is an official release, although a printing error results in the A and B sides being reversed on the singles for "Whole Lotta Love", "D'Yer Mak'er" and "Candy Store Rock". o The Australian release of "Led Zeppelin II" featured the band on the inside front cover instead of the bomber on some pressings. o The hilarious rock-spoof-pseudo-documentary "This Is Spinal Tap" features more than a few digs at Zeppelin. The most obvious is guitarist Nigel Tufnell's "bowing" solo where he plays his guitar with a violin, as opposed to Page using the bow. The band's manager also appears to be modelled on Peter Grant, and one of their many previous drummers choked on vomit, although it was someone else's, and as someone in the film points out "You can't really dust for vomit". The film also takes swipes at most obviously Black Sabbath, although the Stonehenge gag may also be a poke at Zeppelin's "Stonehenge" theme at their Oakland show in 1977. o The slogan for Zeppelin's 1980 tour was "Cut The Waffle", which meant trimming down the hour-long-jams and endless solo, with the exception of the drum solo, making Zeppelin a far leaner outfit than for years. o Mention has been made of a resemblance between the Soundgarden song "Superunknown" and "Misty Mountain Hop". o Zeppelin's last show was at Eissporthalle, Berlin, Germany, on July 7, 1980. o Phish has been known to cover "Good Times Bad Times" in concert, one such occasion being 24/7/93 at Greatwoods, Massachusetts. o The appalling quality of the sound and video footage of the 1979 Knebworth show available on various bootlegs, may be for a reason. The footage was originally stolen from Jimmy's house, and while the thieves most likely didn't get the master tapes, they may have purposely denigrated the quality to enhance the value of their copy. o Japanese Zeppelin tribute band Cinnamon take the whole idea of a concept band to its extreme. They have been playing together since 1979, and are so obsessed with accuracy that they introduce each number by title, tour, venue and date, playing the song exactly as it was performed that night. Hailing from Nagoya, they go under the names of Robart, Jimy Page, John-G, and Bonzow. An album of their original material is, for some reason, entitled "Led Zeppelin", while their latest work, "Cinnamon III", which features a parody of the "II" cover, is a 58 song medley of Zeppelin classics performed in 56 minutes. Jimy Page when he is not reproducing the performance of the other Page owns and works in a drugstore, while Robart runs a Nagoya language school named "Woodstock". o On a Red Hot Chilli Peppers bootleg the band segues momentarily into "Dazed And Confused". o On October 21, 1994 _The_Guardian_ printed the following comment, "Robert Plant and Jimmy Page confirmed that they turned down an offer of $100 million to reform Led Zeppelin. So there is a God..." o A standup comedian, whose name is not known, does a sketch about what old rock stars are doing these days. He says he pulled into a gas station where Robert Plant was working, and Plant walked over, popped the hood, had a look around underneath and wailed "You need coolant..." o There is a golf video avilable called "Fairways To Heaven" which has the title emblazoned on the cover in the font Zeppelin used for "The Song Remains The Same". o At an early 1972 concert at Mohawk College in Hamilton Ontario, Rush is reported to have played "Stairway To Heaven" as part of their encore. o "How Many More Times" has appeared on the soundtrack of at least one film, who's title is not widely known, but also includes at least one song by Steve Miller. This film is "Homer", from 1969. The catalogue number for this album is Cotillion SD 9037 (US)/ Atlantic 2400 137 (UK). This is mentioned in Robert Godwin's "The Illustrated Collectors Guide To Led Zeppelin (3rd Edition)". o Television advertisements for the film "Deer Hunter" and maybe also the film itself used "Dazed And Confused" as background music. o There exists a musak version of "Tangerine" that can be heard in various elevators. o The Swan Song label was dissolved several years after Zeppelin ended, but not before "Coda" and Robert Plant's first solo album, "Pictures At Eleven" were released on it. The other artists on Swan Song mostly resigned with Atlantic, with a few exceptions. Bad Company soldiered on minus Paul Rodgers, while Dave Edmunds switched labels. A recent retrospective of his work contains all his Swan Song material. Other artists simply lost their recording deals thanks to Swan Song's demise. Jimmy Page's soundtrack to "Deathwish II" also appeared on Swan Song. o The publishing companies used throughout the Zeppelin years were Superhype and Flames Of Albion, both set up by Jimmy but also used by the other bandmembers to administer their rights. For those unfamiliar with how this works, these companies then sign with one of the major administrators such as ASCAP or BMI. These companies are reponsible for collecting the royalties generated by other people using the songs, such as companies publishing music books. Fees generated from radio and video broadcasts and live covers are also administered by these companies, usually at a standard rate regardless of the artist. However, depending on the band's status in the industry, their management may take it into their hands to see that the various fees are paid. These companies also handle such things as songwriter disputes, and disputed credits for song authorship, such as the recent Michael Bolton/Isley Brothers dispute, which bypassed this mechanism and ended up in court. o Led Zeppelin were one of the few 1970's bands, big bands that is, who did not deliberately experiment with some sort of deliberately vague bisexual imagery. o At one particular Primus gig, Les Claypool, the bass player, put on an unusually shaped bass and the band started to play the introduction to "Kashmir". o A duet by Neneh Cherry and Michael Stipe has a stab at recreating the Bonham sound. The title of the song is not apparent, but can be distinguished by a chorus of "Round and round and round..." o Various things such as Tolkien influenced lyrics and some album art suggest that Zeppelin, most notably Plant, had some sort of interest in, fixation with subreality, such as that explored by Tolkien. o There are quite a few things that a band might do that could hint to a Zeppelin influence. Probably the most obvious is repeating a blues-based or pentatonic riff over and over again. Zeppelin didn't invent this, but some of their most well known songs such as "Whole Lotta Love" use it. Additionally, backwards echo, multi-tracked guitars, choruses guitars, and open and Indian tunings all point to Zeppelin and Jimmy Page. Stylistically, a song that stars off with acoustic guitar and really soft sections, then builds up to a much louder, quite often electric, climax, are Zeppelin trademarks. A recent example being Van Halen's "Take Me Back (Deja Vu)". Zeppelin was again, not the inventor of this, but songs such as "Babe I'm Gonna Leave You" used it to great effect. The influence of Zeppelin in rap is also quite important, Frankie Goes To Hollywood sampled Bonham for "Relax", and The Beastie Boys with Rick Rubin sampled a number of Zeppelin riffs and drumbeats. The interest in World Music also exhibits a Zeppelin influence with their dabbling in Carnatic, Arabic, Celtic, Caribbean and Moroccan music. The preponderance of a huge reverb/gating effect of drum sounds of people such as Phil Collins and by producer Mutt Lange with artists such as Bryan Adams is a clear attempt to replicate Bonham's sound. Also, the guitar hero with the low-slung Les Paul and the cigarette dangling from the lips is not a trademark of Slash, but rather, Jimmy Page, who can be seen in various photos and footage leaning back into the riffs, in a much imitated pose. The influence of Zeppelin has been very pervasive, leap-frogging acorss genres and generations and is very likely to continue for some time to come. o The name Zeppelin first sprang to public prominence thanks to Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin (1838-1971) who was a German airship designed who developed the dirigible balloon, named after him, which was used in World War I. He developed the airship between 1897-1900. o The Zeppelin bursting into flames on the cover of the first album is The Hindenburg, named after Paul von Hindenburg (1847-1934), a German general and statesman. He succeeded Falkenhayn as chief of the High Command during World War I and served as President of the Weimar Republic (1925-1934). In 1933 he was forced to make Hitler chancellor. o Led Zeppelin did four seperate tours of the USA in the space of one year during 1969, 26/12/68-08/11/69. o Headley Grange, a recording venue for Zeppelin during the 1970's, was a converted poorhouse. o The search for the master tapes for the remastering process took Page to all manner of strange locations, such as a now-abandoned Underground Subway Station in North London. o The Jeff Buckley song "Mojo Pin" features a very Zeppelin-ish section around the 3:50 mark, and again later in the song, which sounds like "Achilles Last Stand". o The plane featured in "The Song Remains The Same" is a Boeing 720B, a scaled down model of a 707 that was formerly owned by United Airlines. United Airlines sold the plane to a company called Temporary Entertainer's Services which leased the plane out to various groups and performers for their tours. The plane was also used by at various times, The Rolling Stones, Deep Purple and Elton John. The man who ran this company was the manager of singer Bobby Sherman, who derived his fame from the tv show "Here Comes The Bride." For the use of Led Zeppelin the plane was repainted in brown and gold and a logo added to the fuselage. This paint scheme was later changed by Elton John to a stars and stripes design. In turn, each group or person leasing the plane changed the paint scheme to give the impression that the current occupant owned it. In 1973 the plane was leased at $2500 a day plus a mileage charge. It was used by the group to travel to and from gigs and back to the major cities such as New York, Chicago or Los Angeles where they would "base" themselves for part of a tour. The plane was nicknamed "The Starship" or alternately "Starship One." o At a gig in September 1970 at the L.A. Trouabdour where Fairport Covention were recording a live album, they were joined onstage by a previously unheard of band called the Birmingham Water Buffalo Society, who turned out to be Led Zeppelin. o The reason for Eddie Kramer's non-involvement between the second and fifth albums was a dispute that broke out in Electric Ladyland studios in New York, where Kramer was the director of engineering. One of Zeppelin's roadies spilled some Indian food on a new rug, and when asked to clean it up by Kramer, harsh words were exchanged. Zeppelin sided with their roadie and thus something of a wedge was driven into their relationship with Kramer. o While Woodstock was happening, Zeppelin was performing in Asbury Park, new Jersey. o The completion of "Presence" just prior to Thanksgiving, prompted Jimmy to suggest "Thanksgiving" as an album title. o The rumoured title for "In Through The Out Door" prior to its release was "Look". ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.07 - Shaking The Tree People have interpreted Jimmy Page's brief alliance with former Whitesnake and Deep Purple singer, and alleged Plant clone, David Coverdale as an act of revenge for Plant not agreeing to do a reunion. Whether Jimmy really set out to annoy Plant, or mush more plausible he was dying to get back in the studio and Coverdale came along at just the right time, they did come up with an album, "Coverdale/Page," that has drawn mixed reactions from Zeppelin fans. o At the end of the recording process, there were a handful of tunes left over that didn't make the album, one of which is known to be called "Saccharine." In the words of Coverdale, `There's a song called "Saccharine" that is going to make you shit. The riff is absolutely obscene, as are the lyrics.' Another unreleased song is a mix of "Shake My Tree" with a `wild assortment of crunch guitars' according to Coverdale. o On the "Coverdale/Page" album Page uses a guitar tuning device made by TransPerformance that apparently works by automatically winding the string until the correct pitch is reached after the string is struck. The device fits over the tunings keys. Page had the device installed on one of his Les Pauls, and he says it can store up to two hundred different tunings. This may well be the guitar he uses in the "Pride And Joy" video, as it looks to have some sort of custom parts added to it. It is also the guitar Jimmy uses for "Kashmir" on "No Quarter", which is how he can segue into "Black Dog" which is in a completely different tuning. o The "Coverdale/Page" album was the first time Jimmy had played harp since on his solo single "She Just Satisfies" in 1965. Jimmy plays a dulcimer during "Pride And Joy", something he hasn't done on record since "That's The Way" on "Led Zeppelin III." o Coverdale's explanation for his screaming on the "Coverdale/Page" was that Page was writing songs that made him sing `...up with the pigeons.' o The song "Take Me For A Little While" is apparently about the losses both Page and Coverdale have had to deal with in their lives, Bonham in the case of Page, and Tommy Bolin in the case of Coverdale. Coverdale has said he pictures the song as being about old buddies huddling around the fire for comfort. Page says he wrote the song while looking at his young son, while they were in Tahoe, Nevada. The solo of this song sounds reminiscent of the one from "Stairway To Heaven" being played slower. o The idea to work with Coverdale did not come from David Geffen according to both page and Coverdale, but from Page's management. At the time Page had been sifting through lots of demo tapes of young singers and found nothing of interest. o The initial writing for the "Coverdale/Page" album was done with the aid of a $50 Radio Shack cassette recorder and some backing tapes of drum tracks. Coverdale jokingly says they thought about donating it to the Smithsonian. o In the Kerrang interview with Page, Coverdale made a somewhat confusing comment, "... walking the fine line between Pagan and Christian, essential and superfluous." This is what he says at the end of the song "For The Love of God" on Steve Vai's album, "Passion And Warfare." o The opening riff for "Shake My Tree" from the "Coverdale/Page" album was something Page had come up with at the time of the sessions for "In Through The Out Door" but discarded because no-one but Bonham had any idea what to do with it. It was also later ignored by Paul Rodgers when he and Page were in The Firm. o "Pride and Joy", another "Coverdale/Page" track was originally conceived by Coverdale as a Dr. John style, laid back song called "Barbados Boogie." Coverdale notes, "...and then, of course, he [Page] had to put in this enormous...you know... gutter, digusting, churning, malevolent, _sucking_ riff." A riff from Sammy Hagar's turgid song "Heavy Metal" sounds reminiscent to the riff before the drum intro in "Pride And Joy." o The cover of the "Coverdale/Page" album with it's traffic merging sign, meant to symbolise the musical merging of Coverdale and Page, was designed by Hugh Syme who has in the past been responsible for album covers for Whitesnake, "1987" and "Slip Of The Tongue", and every Rush cover since "Caress Of Steel", even playing on the latter's albums. The sign from the "Coverdale/ Page" album appears in a variety of locations, similar to the way the `object' appears on the cover of "Presence." The locations of the road sign are: - Among some clouds in a blue sky. (Front Cover) - On the moon. (Rear Cover) - Between two piles of felled trees. - In a field with cattle. - In the desert with pyramids in the background. - In front of a pile of crushed cars. - In shallow tropical water. (The Great Barrier Reef?) - In a breaking wave in a stormy sea. Hugh Syme is reported to have a very quirky sense of humour so there may well be a meaning for each of these scenes. A photo of the same pyramids, from slightly to the left and closer, is included in the "The Dark Side Of The Moon Twentieth Anniversary Edition" of the classic Pink Floyd album. o "Coverdale/Page" session players Ricky Phillips (Bass) and Denny Carmassi (Drums) have made mention of the nearly impossible rhythmic patterns Page wanted them ot play throughout the album. In several places on the album Page modulates the chord up a half-step, which has been suggested as a joking reference to Bonham's "Wait For You." o The much rumoured US tour never happened, although at one stage they got as far as lining up Extreme as the opening act. Instead they played a handful of dates in Japan, with some vintage performances from Page, and then split amicably. Page is now back with Plant, while Coverdale is trying to reform an early incarnation of his previous band, Whitesnake. o The solo for "Don't Leave Me This Way" was done in one take while Page had a 102 degree temperature! o The slides in "Waiting On You" are not done with a slide, but with a whammy pedal. o The main riff from "Don't Leave Me This Way bears some resemblance to the Beatles song "I Want You (She's So Heavy)." o The credit John Kalodner : John Kalodner refers to one of the promotional people at Geffen, who is possibly best known for his excessive hyping of lame bands. Kalodner is also the bearded man wearing the wedding dress in Aerosmith's "Dude (Looks Like A Lady)" video. Kalodner recently left Geffen. o David Coverdale's mother died while the album was being recorded and her name appears in the credits for that reason. o The bass player for Coverdale/Page's shows in Japan was Guy Pratt. He would have been unable to continue touring with the band if any additional dates had been added, as he was already committed for the rest of 1994 to an obscure group named after two even more obscure Mississippi Delta bluesmen. o In the same way he had Durban LaVerde overdub all of ex-The Firm bass player Tony Franklin's parts on "Outrider", Page had studio player, also from Miami Sound Machine, Jorge Casas overdub nearly all of Ricky Phillips bass parts on "Coverdale/Page". o In the video for "Take Me For A Little While" Jimmy is playing a very rare and expensive instrument called a Gibson Harp-Guitar. These were built sometime during the 1920's and feature 12 extra ass strings, one for each key, as well as the standard six guitar strings. o "Shake My Tree" features Page's backwards echo effect. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.08 - Coverdale/Plant The war of words between Robert Plant and David Coverdale that erupted in the music media during Coverdale's alliance with Jimmy Page for the "Coverdale/Page" album is merely the latest salvoes in the debate over whether Whitesnake is a Zeppelin clone band. o Ever since Whitesnake released its "1987" album with the song "Still Of The Night" on it David Coverdale has been incessantly bashed in the popular music media as a "Plant Wannabee" and "Plant Clone." o What this ignores is Coverdale's pedigree as an established singer long before Whitesnake. Coverdale was the singer for Deep Purple Mark IV, after Ian Gillan left, and recorded several albums with the band which featured until his death, the late Tommy Bolin. o The similarites between Plant and Coverdale are surpericial to say the least, - Both are English, both are singers, both have worked with Jimmy Page, both have king sized egos, both seem obsessed with the opposite sex, both have blond hair - although you have to wonder whether Plant uses dye these days, and Coverdale certainly does. So does dying you hair and working with Jimmy Page consist of blatant plagiarism? Given that they both emerged on the scene at around the same time with a similar base in the blues the comparions would appear to be unfair to both of them. o The crux of the problem is the video for "Still Of The Night" where Whitesnake guitarist Adrian Vandenberg picked up a violen bow and in a manner reminiscent of another guitarist began to play his guitar with it. From a headline hungry media it was a logical progression that Coverdale was imitating Plant. At any rate, Coverdale was not the main musical writer behind Whitesnake, he wrote the lyrics mainly and Vandenberg's bow exploits are by the guitarists admission not Coverdale's idea. o The part of "Still Of The Night" which resembles "Immigrant Song" most closely is when the band are playing octaves and Coverdale is singing "Ooooh... Baby..." o Coverdale has claimed in recent interviews that the riff from "Still Of The Night" which sounds reminiscent of the one from "Black Dog" was something that Richie Blackmore had come up with during Coverdale's days with Deep Purple. According to Coverdale, John Sykes and himself tidied it up a bit for the song. o Another source of discontent was a remark Coverdale offhandedly made about his "good friend" Robert Plant and and how, "He and I like to sit down and discuss the current events in music." Since then it has been pretty much open-season from both camps. Plant contended that he did not know Coverdale, unlikely, and that the aforementioned events never took place. Page has remarked that, "When I saw that guy pick up the bow I just about fell out of my chair laughing." Coverdale countered with, "You can hear `Kashmir' on Moroccan radio 24 hours a day." o Since then, the Coverdale/Page union has come and gone and left little other trace than their album. At the time, the feud seemed to change focus a little, Coverdale expressing his regret things had got so out of hand. "Let's not pull any punches," Coverdale pouts. "There _has_ been something of a hate campaign conducted by Robert . A lot of the things discussed by Jimmy and myself are, I'm afraid, very personal, but there's never, ever been a problem between Mr Page and myself. The thing that hurt me most of all is Robert saying that we didn't know each other. When you asked before if Jimmy and I knew each other, we'd crossed paths, had maybe three chance meetings throught the 70s; whereas Robert had brought his daughter to Whitesnake shows when we played in his neck of the woods, and he'd been given the whole royal treatment and all that. I knew Robert back in the 'Purple days, him and Bonzo. I never knew John Paul Jones. So that was a weird thing for me. But I'd rather stay out of all that and let the music do the talking, really. I admire Robert immensely - I'll leave it at that." Plant on the other hand is not particularly conciliatory, describing Coverdale recently as "...a fucking idiot". o Page at the time had this to say on the infamous violin bow incident, "That's what it was about. It wasn't anyting to do with the rest of the song - it was purely the reference to the bow, which wasn't used on the record, as far as I know." o Plant's thoughts on Coverdale/Page? "It's a bit limiting, artistically, to think that's the way it is and that's what is needed." o With Coverdale/Page achieving only a small amount more succes than Plant's "Fate of Nations" album and the outward appearance that Plant had squandered all his chances to get together with Jimmy sour grapes is an easy accusation to make. o In recent years the jibes between Plant and Page got so intense, it wasn't Page and Coverdale that seemed so unlikely, but Page and Plant. o One is left wondering in whose interests the whole thing got started, it certainly wasn't either Plant or Coverdale and given that the press has been quite happy to give this prolonged coverage, some unfortunate conclusions about the character and quality of music journalism can be drawn. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.09 - Like Father Like Son o As if it wasn't fairly apparent, Jason Bonham is the son of the late John Bonham and is an established rock drummer in his own right these days. o In the words of Jason, "Most fathers give their four year old children train sets, toy cars or tricycles - mine gave me a scaled down Ludwig drum kit." o At the age of 11, Bonzo is said to have pointed out that in his opinion Jason was the only person he had heard apart from himself who could play the drum part of "Trampled Underfoot" just right. o Jason Bonham can be seen at a very young age in "The Song Remains The Same" drumming away furiously on his drum kit during Bonzo Sr.'s fantasy sequence. o Since then Jason has played in several Zep reunions such as at the Atlantic Records 40th Anniversary gig, where Jason's drumming was apparently the only hightlight. o Another reunion at Carmen Plant's 21st birthday party saw Jason on drums again for what was apparently a much improved performance from the other three members. o The last of these reunions was at Jason's own wedding where the remaining three members came together and played several numbers such as "Custard Pie." As with Carmen Plant's birthday, this was from all reports a great performance. o Plant was apparently unwilling to consider Jason for his touring band during the late 80's because of an alcohol problem. o Jason formed his own group in the late 1980's comprising himself on drums, Daniel MacMaster (Vocals), Ian Hatton (Guitars) and John Smithson (Keyboards, Bass, Violin). The band released it's debut album "The Disregard of Timekeeping" to an encouraging response in 1989. The band went by the name "Bonham" and even had a logo that resembled his father's runic symbol from the fourth Led Zeppelin album. The first album was comprised of, The Disregard of Timekeeping/Wait For You/Bringing Me Down/ Guilty/Holding On Forever/Dreams/Don't Walk Away/Playing To Win/Cross Me And See/Just Another Day/Room For Us All "Wait For You" was released as a single with "Cross Me And See" on the flipside. o The cover of the album with it's bar-room sceen brings to mind the cover of another album... "In Through The Out Door." o The band was well promoted and toured extensively to a sometimes favourable and other times disparaging critical response. The singer bore an unfortunate resemblance to Plant which was a source of much derision and along with the debut album's Eastern influences led to the predictable label of "Zep Clone." o A followup album in 1992, "Mad Hatter" was a huge flop and the band was dropped from it's label along with several other `metal' acts and slpit up. Jason also broke his arm jsut before the band was due to gon on tour at one point. o Jason most recently appeared on record on Paul Rodger's Muddy Waters tribute album and Rodgers latest solo effort. When last heard of he was touring with Rodgers and his band. The Muddy Waters tribute album features Jeff Beck, Richie Sambora, Neal Schon, Gary Moore, David Gilmour, Slash, Steve Miller, Trevor Rabin and Buddy Guy. The guitarist from Jason's group Bonham, Ian Hatton is credited with playing rhythm guitars on the album. o Jason is from what he has said, not part of the current "rumoured" Plant and Page project, Plant instead using the drummer from his "Fate of Nations" album and last touring band, Michael Lee. o Jason Bonham can also be found on the soundtrack album for the Moscow Peace Festival, "Stairway to Heaven, Highway to Hell," playing on the track "Moby Dick," as part of an all-star band, Drum Madness, which also included Tico Torres, Mickey Currie and Jim Vallence. o Jason played drums for a set with Paul Rodgers on vocals, and Slash on guitar, at Woodstock 1994. Amongst other things, they played a few Bad Company songs. o The current activities of Jason Bonham are not well-documented, however it has been reported that he has a new band Metropolis, basically Bonham with a different singer. o Jason apparently lost favour with Page when he had his drum kit made with the Swan Song logo on it. On tour with Bonham the band always used to make a big thing of covering "Black Dog", which probably did not endear him to Page either. Rumoured alcohol problems and the tackiness of involving him in the Page & Plant reunion have seen him continue his musical career in relative obscurity in recent years. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.10 - The Led And How To Get It Out o A report in MTV's "Headbanger's Ball" in 1994 reported that Jimmy, Robert, Charlie Jones, and Michael Lee had been working on around twelve new songs since the beginning of March. The report also stated that there was enough material for an album. o The May 1994 issue of _Q_ magazine in its news section featured a small piece about the ongoing collaboration and a picture of Page, dressed rather badly in tie-dyed shirt, black jacket, hideous scarf and denim jeans, and Plant wearing a black tracksuit, outside a studio in King's Cross in a strong breeze. The following text also appeared. "It's Pagey, it's Planty and it's last month's rumour of an MTV acoustic rendition entitled Unledded taking a long stride towards credibility. They were snapped in a windy mews outside a King's Cross rehearsal studio and, while MTV spokespersons remain in "schtum" mode, the smart money is on them recording in June in New York. ... Incidentally, Page and Plant have also been in litigious tandem to prevent a Schooly D track, Signifying Rapper, being used in TV screenings of the Harvey Keitel movie The Bad Lieutenant because of its "striking similiarity" to their own Kashmir. Certain ancient bluesmen might regard this news with a degree of wry scepticism." o The Zeppelin fanzine "The Only One" was amongst many sources that reported a scheduled Plant performance at the annual Alexis Korner Tribute Concert Benefit For Cancer Research on April 17. o A radio interview with Francis Dunnery in May 1994, the guitarist for Robert Plant on his "Fate Of Nations" tour, added further fuel to the rapidly spreading rumours. Dunnery claimed that Page and Plant really began to think about doing something while they were in Boston for a Plant show in 1993. Dunnery even referred to the project as being called "Unledded". However, he would not confirm or deny their involvement in the Gibson GUitars 100th Anniversary bash, but did point out that they had played together at the Alexis Korner benefit gig. Dunnery, who is apparently a good friend of Plant, repeatedly referred to him as `Planty' throughout the interview. o Part of the impetus for "Unledded" may have come from plans that Plant had for making a travel documentary where he visited Wales and Morocco. o A new version of "When The Levee Breaks" was recorded for the "Unledded" special in Wales. This was the first time the song had been peformed live by any of the ex-Zeppelin members since the early shows on their 1975 tour. Even then it only joined the set briefly, due mainly to the technical problems inherent in lowering Bonham and his kit into a specially prepared pit onstage. o The setlist for thw Page and Plant reunion at the Buxton Opera House for the Alexis Korner Benefit Show was as follows. "Baby Please Don't Go", "I Can't Quit You Baby"," I've Been Down So Long", "That's Why I Love You", "Train Kept A-Rollin'". o WBCN in Boston ran a competition offering free tickets and a trip to the taping of "Unledded" for their listeners. o The location "Unledded" was filmed at, was a venue of only 200 - 250 seats capacity, 50 of whom were the lucky winners of a contest run by MTV. Another 100 were picked at random from a list put together by Jimmy and Robert's management of known, and various influential fans. o The arrangements for transporting the 200 lucky punters to the Unledded tapings would not seem out of place in a tacky spy movie. The ticket holders were issued with instructions to turn up at a certain place in London, from where they would be transported to the secret location by bus. o MTV widely publicised "Unledded" before it appeared. One of the commericals in use featured a cab driver rabbiting on about the "reunification of Robert Plant and Jimmy Page" before he starts to sing "Black Dog" and "Stairway To Heaven", badly. The taxi's passenger in the rear seat looked uncannily like Bonzo in the late ear of the band. Another commercial had someone pulling lottery balls out of a machine with the names of people that had upcoming performances on MTV, two of whom were Page and Plant. o One American paper greeted the imminent Page and Plant reunion with the comment "Can lightning strike four or five times in the same place?" o The "Unledded" show was first broadcast on MTV on October 12, 1994, and was preceeded by a Page and Plant press conference at the Beacon Theatre, in New York City, on October 11. o Before "Unledded" was broadcast, Jimmy was spotted walking down Charlotte Street in London, an area abounding in video production facilities, with a minder, most likely working on the project in a nearby studio. o Two of the locations used for "Unledded" were Corris Slate Quarries, near Bron-Y-Aur, in Wales, on August 15, 1994, and the London Television Centre. The audience at Corris Slate Quarries apparently comprised two people and a few sheep. This location was on land owned by Plant. o It has been reported that Page and Plant will headline the 1995 Knebworth festival in Hertfordshire, England. o The meaning of the term "No Quarter" in relation to the album, is most likely not a shot at John Paul Jones using the title of his signature song. The meaning is probably close to that of the term when used in a military sense, that the attacker will not spare any of the enemy, even if they surrender. This phrase was used by officer prior to 1700, to both psych up the troop and to hopefully frighten the enemy into an easy rout, just before the rival armies engaged, thereby making their intentions known to the opposing side. Thus, in the Page and Plant sense it could mean that no effort has been spared, no compromises made, nothing left to chance in the hope of fully realising the potential of the project. o The phenomenal Michael Lee, who before "No Quarter" was a member of Robert Plant's band also worked with the English band Little Angels beforehand, featuring on their cd "Don't Prey For Me", a cd which features a note of thanks to Plant in the liner notes. Lee is listed as being responsible for drums, percussion and ghost vibroslap. The cd was released in 1989. o The meaning of "Yallah", the title of which was changed to "The Truth Explodes" on the "No Quarter" video is from arabic. The root of it is "ya-allah", a rough translation of which is "Oh God" although not in the commonly used way it is in English, to express one's surprise or amazement. In Arabic the meaning can vary from "Let's go!" to "Get a hike!" depending on the context. Interestingly, "Yahweh" is Hebrew for "God". o Although Atlantic claimed Page and Plant were present at the New York world premiere screening of "Unledded" but did not think it was worth making their presence known, a comment by Page at the Paris Press Conference seemed to indicate that the Paris screening of "Unledded" was the first time thay had seen it since the actual taping, which makes Atlantic's claim they were present in New York sound rather suspicious. o "Unledded" generated MTV's highest ratings for the "Unplugged" series, with a rating of 2.4, as opposed to the previous best, 2.3 set in 1992 by Eric Clapton. o Najma Akhtar, who sings with Plant on "The Battle Of Evermore" is of Indian nationality, and judging from her name, which is Muslim, she is most likely from northern India. She has also recorded a solo album called "Qareeb", which is available on Shanachie Records, SH64009. While the album was recorded in London, the content is non-Western, with Najma singing love songs called ghazals in Urdu, backed by a mix of traditional Indian instruments and Western ones. o The phrase "Wah Wah" is an expression of pity and grief, usually used after hearing some bad news. o The sparse arrangement of "Nobody's Fault But Mine" was not a new one, it returns the song, originally by Blind Willie Johnson, to its white country blues roots. Note that white country blues as a label is not related to the racial identity of the artist, but is a reference to the religious or spiritual theme of the music. o The "Unledded" special was first broadcast on October 12, 1994, the one hundred and nineteenth anniversary of the birth of Aleister Crowley. Rumour had it that Jimmy had stipulated that this would be the date of broadcast. o During "Yallah", or "The Truth Explodes" as it had been re-titled, while Jimmy is manipulating the echoplex unit, one of the crowd shots shows someone holding up a portable video camera in the lower left hand area of the screen. o Rumour has it that the black dog shown several times in "Unledded" is the black dog that was present at the sessions for the fourth album and had the song named after it. However, this is fairly unlikely as that would make it a very old dog. Another rumour was that it was Plant's dog Strider, although this is not plausible as it is the wrong breed. o Several times during the performance, such as in "Gallows Pole", Plant is seen to be staring down in front of him. The likelihood of him using a monitor is enhanced by his previous problems remembering all sorts of lyrics, such as at the Atlantic 40th Anniversary show and at Live Aid. o On the topic of tuning and tonality, the original version of "No Quarter" was Aeolian/Dorian while the new version introduces some Locrain elements. The locrian mode is easily the most dissonant of modes, and given Page's frequent use of dissonance in the past and its place in Middle-Eastern music it seems apprpriate. The clash in the new version of "No Quarter" is between Plant's vocals which represent the original tonality, and between the chords that Page plays, two of them, before he switches back to a standard key. o International Creative Management was the booking agency handling the Page & Plant tour. o The "No Quarter" album cover features a picture of Page and Plant which looks very much like it was taken at the Slate Quarry in Wales where "Nobody's Fault But Mine" and "When The Levee Breaks" were recorded for "Unledded". The carved wooden door that has been used extensively, such as on the back of the album and on the "Gallows Pole" single, is most likely African in origin. The hands that are shown in the picture in the middle of the cd booklet are those of an African woman, with the increasing complexity of the spirals on her fingers as they move closer to her hands signifying the development of femininity. The spirals' increasing detail means they are moving closer to the wrist chakra. o Interestingly, the font used in the "No Quarter" liner notes is based on the handwriting of Leonardo da Vinci, such as on his noted sketches of a man spreadeagled and drawn with unnerring anatomical accuracy. The same font is used in the liner notes for Van Halen's "Balance". o The release of "No Quarter" coincides with the twenty third anniversary of the release of the untitled fourth album on the eighth of November 1971. o The liner notes for "No Quarter" included the dedication, "Credit must be given to Bron-Y-Aur, a small derelict cottage in South Snowdonia for painting a somewhat forgotten picture of true completeness which acted as an incentive to some of the musical statements. August 1994" Which is somewhat reminiscent of the dedication on "Led Zeppelin III", "Credit must be given to Bron-Y-Aur, a small derelict cottage in South Snowdonia for painting a somewhat forgotten picture of true completeness which acted as an incentive to some of these musical statements - August 1970" o The end of "Kashmir" where Plant starts wailing "Feel, feel, feel" is a daring improvisation. o The versions of "Wonderful One" on the video and the album are clearly different, the differences ranging from Plant singing them differently to Page's guitar sounding different. o A rumour circulating before the Page & Plant tour kicked off was that several dates were uncertain due to the availability of some venues due to problems with the American hockey season. This of course, proved to be unfounded. o Some translations of what is being sung during "Wah Wah". In between "wah wah"'s the "leh he heBabi" means "no baby" and the "lah tin Sani" means "don't forget me". He also sings other words such as "the thought of your hands" or eyes. The interesting thing about "Wah Wah" is although the title means "I'm sad", that isn't necessarily what the song is about. o The arabic script at the end of the video has been translated as, "The things we played or the songs they stay the same way". o Despite their togetherness during the "Unledded" promotional tour, _NME_ spotted Page and Plant at one of The Black Crowes Albert Hall gigs, in two separate adjoining boxes. o The footage for the song "No Quarter" was shot in Dolgoth, Wales, across the road from Plant's farm. The forest is so dense that it managed to conceal the fact that it was raining quite heavily at the time. o While in Morocco Jimmy and Robert were travelling up a mountain by bus when Plant noticed a kid walking along with a Led Zeppelin shirt, in literally, the middle of nowhere. Plant promptly jumped off the bus to say hi. o According to "Unplugged" producer Alex Coletti, Page and Plant and the band recorded a version of "Hot Dog" while they were in Wales. o Plant personally selected Aubrey Powell to work on the project, based on their previous work together. o According to Page, they tried out "Bron-Y-Aur Stomp" with the idea of using it, but it just didn't seem to work. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.11 - Jimmy And The Beast This section is not intended to try and cover the entire area of Aleister Crowley and all his work. It is merely intended to give a brief overview and point those interested to further readings. The subject of Crowley seems to recur with a rather predictable sort of regularity thanks to Page's interest in him and his work. There are many myths and rumours told about Crowley, most of which are most likely false, as this is a very controversial man, even now, nearly half a century after his death. o Aleister Crowley was born in 1875 and died in 1947. o A few general points. - Crowley was not a satanist, his obsession with the occult does not necessarily make him a devil worhsipper, he wasn't. - He did use drugs, and rather a lot of them. A common claim is that he died hoplessly addicted to heroin. Half true. In the early part of the century the prescribed medicine for chronic asthma, which Crowley had, was, believe it or not, heroin. He went on to experiment with it, observing its effects on his mind, and when he died he was still using it. He used a lot of other dugs too, notably expounded upon on in his essay "The Psychology Of Hashish". - Crowley was interested in tantric sex, one of his primary interests actually. - Crowley had a notorious sense of humour, and revelled in the public disdain for him, deliberately cultivaing it to some extent. His use of the "Beast 666" tag is one example of this. - Some of Crowley's other interests include mountaineering and poetry. o Some references for further reading on Crowley and his work. - Crowley, Aleister, _The_Confessions_Of_Aleister_Crowley,_An_ _Autohagiography_. Crowley's autobiography, an autohagiography is the biography of a saint, which contains lots of interesting details, but, ends a long time before his death and is thus somewhat incomplete. - Crowley, Aleister, _Magick_In_Theory_And_Practice_. - Crowley, Aleister, _Equinox_, Volumes I & II. - Crowley, Aleister, _The_Diary_Of_A_Drug_Fiend_, 1922. - Crowley, Aleister, _Songs_Of_The_Spirit_, 1898. - Crowley, Aleister, _The_Book_Of_Thoth_. Crowley's interpretation of Eqyptian tarot. - Camell, Charles Richard, _Aleister_Crowley,_The_Man,_The_Mage, _The_Poet_. - Crowley, Aleister. _The_Complete_Astrological_Writings_, Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd., London, 1974. This contains Crowley's "Treatise on Astrology: Liber 536", and two hard to find essays, "Batrachophrenoboocosmomachia", and, "How Horoscopes Are Faked". - Maugham, W. Somserset, _The_Magician_, 1908. This is based pretty much around the life of Crowley, and gives some idea of his obsession with the occult and his general character. - Suster, Gerald, _The_Legacy_Of_The_Beast:_The_Life,_Work_ And_ _Influence_Of_Aleister_Crowley_, W.H. Allen 7 Co., London, 1988. This is a good introduction to Crowley and his work, and is reasonably objective, and covers most of the major topics he was interested in and worked on. A few excerpts are included in this section. o A small warning though, Crowley's writings are not an easy read for novices, or those with just a casual interest in the man. A lot of his material was written specifically for initiates into the Hermetic Order Of The Golden Gawn, and as such are not meant to be understood by outsiders. For those with little or no prior knowledge of the man the best place to start is probably one of the numerous biographies or books about him and his work. o Some of the stigma surrounding backmasking in popular music may in fact come from the whole aura of occultist sin that seems to surround Crowley in the eyes of many. The predilection to listen to one's record collection backwards seems most prevalent amongst christians and may stem from something Crowley wrote, that if a man wants to practice magick he has to "train himself to think backwards by external means, as set forth here following, a) let him learn to write backwards b) let him learn to walk backwards c) let him constantly watch, if convenient, films and listen to records reversed..." This quote comes from page 417 of Crowley's "Magick In Theory And Practice". o A cd exists called "The Great Beast Speaks" which apparently features speeches by Aleister Crowley. o There is a Zeppelin bootleg entitled "From Boleskine To The Alamo". o An example of the sort of misinformation surrounding Crowley is the persistent claim that in the crypt of Boleskine House a child was sacrificed. Other juicy rumours have it that orgies, sacrifices, drug taking and other nefarious actitivites all took place regularly at Boleskine. o Jimmy Page is known to have sought out rare Crowley manuscripts and obtained them for his collection. He has been quoted as once saying that he should have gone to university and done a degree in theology because he's studied it so much. o The quote on the runoff matrix of original pressingsof "Led Zeppelin III" is frequently misinterpreted and misquoted. Here is an extract from the book by Suster listed in this section which provides some further details. "The central doctrines of 'The Book Of The Law' can be stated simply. First and foremost is the commandment: 'Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law' - also reiterated as 'thou hast no right but to do thy will'. This does _not_ mean 'Do what you want'. It means that within every man and every woman there is a True Will- 'The Book Of The Law' states that 'Every man and every woman is a star' and that the the only serious business of life is to discover our True Will and to do it. As the Ancient Greeks put it: Know thyself; then Be Thyself. 'The word of sin is restriction' means that everything which inhibits the True Will is evil. 'Love is the law, Love under will' asserts that the nature of the Law is Love but that this love must be directed by the True Will. As Crowley states in his Old Comment: 'Love under will - no casual pagan love; nor love under fear, as the Christians do. But love magically directed, and used as a spiritual formula.' p. 126. o A further extract from Suster is enlightening and gives an insight into what Crowley thought he was doing and how he viewed people that judged his work. The first paragraph is by Suster, the rest by Crowley. "Small wonder that Crowley, hailed in 'The Book Of The Law' as Ankh-f-n-khonsu, priest of the Princes, finally wrote 'The Comment' which is both a challenge to those who have sufficient courage, and a prohibition upon long, boring commentaries on commentaries (the fate of most sacred texts) - and on squabbles, quibbles, and persecution among those called Thelemites, whose desire is to do their Wills in the Aeon into which this planet has entered during its spin through the agony of evolving human consciousness. THE COMMENT Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law. The study of this Book is forbidden. It is wise to destroy this copy after the first reading. Whosoever disregards this does so at his own risk and peril. These are most dire. Those who discuss the contents of this Book are to be shunned by all, as centres of pestilence. All questions of the Law are to be decided only by appeal to my writings, each for himself. There is no law beyond Do what thou wilt. Love is the law, love under will. The priest of Princes. Ankh-f-n-khonsu." p. 133-134. o An interesting anecdote has it that Crowley, whose actitivies during World War II are the subject of much speculation, gave the English war department the "V" for victory gesture, as it is the occult counter to the Swastika. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.12 - Zeppelin Mediawatch Locating Zeppelin interviews, or more recent ones with Page, Plant and Jones can be a time consuimg business. Here then is a list of some of the many interviews they have done over the years. o _Circus_, in 1975 had an interview with Jimmy done by Mick Houghton. o _Rolling_Stone_, also in 1975, featured one of the best known of the Zeppelin interviews, with Cameron Crowe interviewing Page and Plant. o _Guitar_World_, 1990, interview with Page. o _Guitarist_, the French version features and interview with Jimmy in the November 1994 issue, as well as a cover photo. Robert is also interviewed. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.13 - Breaking Up Is Hard To Do On Tuesday, December 7, 1993, Michael Ayoob posted the results to a poll he had conducted coinciding with the thirteenth anniversary of the breakup of the band. For his poll, Michael posed the question "What would have happened to the band had Bonham not died?" The results are as follows, and illustrate an interesting variety of scenarios. 1) New Heavy Album 22% Of The Vote 2) Together, But Fairly Inactive 18% 3) Quit Anyway 16% 4) Popularity Loss 15% 5) Page Overdoses 13% 6) Softer Sound 9% 7) Plant Quits 4% 8) None Of The Above 3% Interestingly, option five is what Richard Cole thought had happened when he had heard one of the band had died, based on his opinion of the amount of drugs Page was doing and his fragile health. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.14 - Pezed Pellni Anagrams This list of rather amusing anagrams was posted to the list some time ago by Maurice Maes with additions by others. Black Mountain Side - "I ask Blunt, demoniac!" (Plant to Page on phone) Communication Breakdown - Demoniac Bowman Rock Unit (i.e. Led Zeppelin) - Demoniac Wombat Rock in U.N. What Is and What Should Never Be - When he had but satan's evil word. The Lemon Song - The omen's long. Bring It On Home - Hir'n' big root men - Bong time, Rhino Immigrant Song - I'm in Grant's mog Since I've Been Loving You - Evil being evinces on you. - Vince, you evil nose being! Gallows Pole - Allow Gospel (?) Tangerine - Great Nine (Zep destined to end after nine great albums) Black Dog - Black God Rock And Roll - An'l rock lord Stairway To Heaven - Yow! Satan via Ether Misty Mountain Hop - Inapt ominous myth Four Sticks - Rock fits us - Rock sift us - For it sucks The Song Remains The Same - I'm here: Satan's theme song The Rain Song - Another sign - Gather on sin - Hit son, Anger! D'yer Mak'er - Dyke Ream'r The Ocean - Neat echo - At once: He. (about the phone that rings in this song) The Rover - Oh, revert! Trampled Under Foot - Led: demon art up front Kashmir - His Mark (Whose do you think?) Down By The Seaside - Bye, death's side won - Death by wine doses Achilles Last Stand - As Satanchild Tells - Satan's child: all set! - Stella, Satan's child Nobody's Fault But Mine - Built out by Demon's Fan - O! fun stubby demon tail! Tea For One - Near To Foe In The Evening - He in gin event - The nine given (the nine albums) South Bound Saurez - As due, Bonzo hurt us Fool In The Rain - Hail To Inferno Carouselambra - A lamb or a curse I'm Gonna Crawl - A malign crown. Ozone Baby - A bye, Bonzo! Darlene - Led near - real end. (They were at that time) Bonzo's Montreux - Sex! Not rum, bonzo! Custard Pie - Dustie crap Royal Orleans - Eor (donkey noise) or anally Travelling Riverside Blues - Drugs aren't evil, I.V. beer still - evil drug blisters aren't evil In My Time Of Dying & Bonzo's Montreux - Zoso demon! Fit rox in my bum, entity, ne! ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.15 - Nevaeh Ot yawriatS The debate over whether "Stairway To Heaven" contains any back masked messages from the Devil is rather a heated one. In order to put this debate into perspective here are the full backwards lyrics to "Stairway To Heaven", as transcribed by listmember Timothy Lindsey, and posted to the list in December, 1993. "Stairway to Heaven" - Backwards Version Oh ask me of the wars of Beelzebub Oh, I fear it, horrible demon Ah, shall I go along all right? I'll make it mine, I'll reach ya Oh demon, hey do ya feel me? Oh an eternity with the demon Ah, it's not over when you die Ah, the Ultimate Opponent! Ah, this time there is no winnin' My holy wand will fail me Ah, Oh, they won't get me cause I live in church now Hey look at that football player he attack a lady When I hear the serpent holler And as the shaky wall fall falls down ain't much to help destroy Oh, don't you give me that Oh, here's to my sweet Satan There was a little child who wore a great big laugh with glorious Satan Did you hear me, Lord? I first give to Satan And, in a little school I shout, in the middle of a show, "First Power is Satan!" Wo wo wo There was cat burglar, bit off my leg I lay in true struggle, torn up Another year I dont feel the same The heater broke down in flame A long, long crawl lead me to a better place to rest Ah, I hear it too, "There is no escape, too" But even God fears the ultimate plan He hears to soon the the calling to lie down, go down to sleep The Cosmic TV's gone bad, I lose the Light of any time to leave I had Gonna do, I'm Going to do Favor, Oh Power of all on top mountain hidden under a moment Look up at me, at me, and thee After my only wish replenished is all used up, I saw it happening Give me an answer, all I see that we moved Dont thank me, Easter Woman, who although followed me What's that? I see you - dying There was an eager picnic towards another demon-loft Don't you hear me asking? ---------------------------------------------------------------------- END OF PART THREE ----------------------------------------------------------------------